اثر محلول‌پاشی آهن و روی بر عملکرد، خواص کیفی و غلظت عناصر غذایی برگ و میوه سیب رقم ‏گالا (‏Malus domestica cv. Gala‏)‏

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 پردیس کشاورزی دانشگاه تهران

3 استاد، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

چکیده

کمبود آهن و روی در خاک­های آهکی در بیشتر خاک­های ایران شایع است. به منظور مطالعه اثر محلول‌پاشی آهن و روی بر غلظت عناصر غذایی برگ و میوه سیب رقم گالا، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در ایستگاه تحقیقات علوم باغبانی پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران انجام گرفت. عامل اول محلول‌پاشی روی به‌صورت سولفات روی در سه سطح (صفر، 10 و 100 میلی­گرم بر لیتر) و عامل دوم محلول‌پاشی آهن به‌صورت کلات آهن در سه سطح (صفر، 100 و 1000 میلی­گرم بر لیتر) بودند. نتایج نشان داد محلول­پاشی آهن و روی بر عملکرد و غلظت عناصر غذایی برگ و میوه معنی‌دار بود و باعث افزایش محتوای عناصر غذایی برگ­ها و میوه­ها شد. با توجه به نتایج این آزمایش کاربرد آهن باعث افزایش عملکرد، وزن، محتوای آهن، روی و پتاسیم برگ­ها شد و میزان آهن، روی، پتاسیم، کلسیم و فسفر میوه­ها را نیز افزایش داد. همچنین روی موجب افزایش عملکرد، مواد جامد محلول و محتوای روی برگ­ها و محتوای آهن و روی میوه­ها شد. طبق نتایج به‌دست‌آمده اثر تیمارهای استفاده‌شده بر محتوای نیتروژن برگ­ها و میوه­ها معنی‌دار نبود. نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد محلول پاشی آهن و روی باعث افزایش عملکرد، کیفیت و غلظت عناصر غذایی برگ و میوه سیب رقم گالا شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of foliar application of iron and zinc on yield, quality and leaf and fruit ‎nutrients concentrations of apple (Malus domestica cv. Gala)‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Esmaeil Sadeghi 1
  • Mesbah Babalar 2
  • Alireza Talaie 3
1 Former M. Sc. Student, College of Agriculutre & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, ‎Karaj, Iran
2 Professor, College of Agriculutre & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3 Professor, College of Agriculutre & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

Iron and zinc deficiencies are common in most limy soils of Iran. In order to study the effect of foliar application of iron and zinc on leaf and fruit nutrients concentrations of apple cultivar Gala an experiment was carried out as factorial based on randomized complete block design with three replications in Horticulture Research Station, University College of Agriculutre & Natural Resources, University of Tehran. The first factor was foliar application of zinc as zinc sulfate at three levels (0, 10 and 100 mg per liter) and the second factor was foliar application of iron as iron chelate at three levels (0, 100 and 1000 mg per liter). Results showed that the foliar application of iron and zinc had a significant effect on yield and leaf and fruit nutrients concentrations and increased the nutrient content of leaves and fruits. According to these results using iron increased yield, weight, iron, zinc and potassium content of leaves and the amount of iron, zinc, potassium, calcium and phosphorus of fruits also increased. Also zinc increased yield, TSS, zinc content of the leaves and the iron and zinc content of fruits. According to the results, the effect of treatments used on the leaves and fruits nitrogen content was not significant. This study showed foliar application of iron and zinc increased yield, quality and leaf and fruit nutrients concentrations of apple cv. Gala.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Calcium
  • Iron chelate
  • potassium
  • Zinc sulfate
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