کاربرد اسید هیومیک و سوپرجاذب نانوکامپوزیت بر خصوصیات رشد و مقابله با تنش خشکی در چمن

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران

3 دانشیار واستادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی اثر کاربرد سوپرجاذب نانوکامپوزیت و اسید هیومیک بر ویژگی­های چمن اسپورت تحقیقی به­صورت فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح کاملاً تصادفی در سه تکرار به اجرا در آمد. عامل اول سوپرجاذب نانوکامپوزیت در سه سطح (صفر، 2 و 5 گرم در کیلوگرم خاک گلدان)، عامل دوم اسید هیومیک در سه سطح  (صفر، 250 و500 میلی­گرم در لیتر و به­صورت محلول­پاشی) و  عامل سوم تنش خشکی در دو سطح (50 و 100 درصد ظرفیت زراعی) بود. نتایج نشان داد کاربرد اسید هیومیک در زمان تنش خشکی باعث بهبود صفات رنگ و ارتفاع اندام هوایی شد. کاربرد سوپرجاذب نانوکامپوزیت در زمان تنش خشکی سبب کاهش اثر تنش خشکی و بهبود صفات رنگ و ارتفاع اندام هوایی شد. کاربرد اسید هیومیک و سوپرجاذب نانوکامپوزیت به­طور همزمان باعث بهبود ویژگی­های تراکم، ارتفاع اندام هوایی و وزن تر، ولی کاهش میزان نشت یونی، پرولین و وزن خشک چمن شد. به­طور کلی نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد کاربرد اسید هیومیک و سوپرجاذب نانوکامپوزیت می­تواند به عبور گیاه از شرایط تنش خشکی کمک ­نماید و باعث کاهش اثر تنش خشکی بر گیاه شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The application of humic acid and nanocamposite superabsorbant on growth ‎characteristic and resistance to drought stress in turf grass

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hava Bigdelinasab 1
  • Mousa Solgi 2
  • Mina Taghizadeh 3
1 Former M.Sc. Student, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Arak University, ‎Arak, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Arak University, Arak, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Arak University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of nanocomposite superabsorbent and humic acid on the characteristics of lawn sport, a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design with three replications was carried out. The first factor was nanocomposite superabsorbent at three levels (0, 2 and 5 g/Kg in each pot), the second factor was humic acid at three levels (0, 250 and 500 mg/L, as spray) and the thirs factor was drought stress at two levels (50 and 100% field capacity). Results showed that the application of humic acid during drought stress improved color traits and aerial part hieght. Application of nanocomposite superabsorbent during drought stress reduced the effect of drought stress on color traits, leaf texture quality and aerial part hieght. The application of humic acid and nanocomposite superabsorbent simultaneously improved the density, shoot height, fresh weight, but reduced the ion leakage, proline and dry weight of turfgrass. In general, the results showed that the application of humic and nanocomposite superabsorbent acid could help the stress flow through the passage, and reduced the effect of stress on the plant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • ion leakage
  • irrigation requirement
  • proline
  • sport turfgrass‎
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