اثر 6- بنزیل آمینو‌پورین و سایکوسل بر تولید ریزغده در دو رقم سیب‏زمینی در شرایط درون‌شیشه‌ای

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشیار، دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد و استادیار، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه ولیعصر(عج) رفسنجان

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر غلظت‏های مختلف 6-بنزیل آمینو‌پورین (BAP) و سایکوسل (CCC) بر تولید ریزغده (میکروتیوبر) در دو رقم سیب‏زمینی در شرایط درون‌شیشه‏ای، آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل با طرح پایۀ کاملاً تصادفی در 4 تکرار اجرا شد. فاکتورهای آزمایشی شامل BAP در 4 غلظت صفر، 5، 10 و 15 میلی‌گرم بر لیتر، CCC در 4 غلظت صفر، 250، 500 و 1000 میلی‏گرم بر لیتر و رقم سیب‌زمینی در دو سطح (سانته[1] و آریندا[2]) بود. نتایج نشان داد که بهترین رقم برای تولید ریزغدۀ رقم آریندا و بهترین ترکیب تنظیم‏کننده‏های رشد گیاهی از نظر تعداد ریزغده، غلظت 10 میلی‏گرم بر لیتر BAP+250 میلی‏گرم بر لیتر CCC بود. اگرچه بیشترین عملکرد ریزغده در غلظت 5 میلی‏گرم بر لیتر BAP و بدون حضور CCC به دست آمد. وزن خشک و قطر غده در غلظت 10 میلی‏گرم بر لیتر BAP و بدون حضور CCC به بیشترین مقدار خود رسید. از سوی دیگر عملکرد و تعداد ریزغدۀ بالا و اندازۀ بزرگ‌تر آن‌ها که ناشی از تیمار BAP و CCC بود، با کاهش طول شاخساره و ریشه همراه بود.



[1]. Sante


[2]. Arinda

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Hamid Reza Roosta1*, Samira vaziri Nasab2 and Mahmoud Raghami3

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Reza Roosta
  • Samira Vaziri Nasab
  • Mahmoud Raghami
Associate Professor, Former Graduate Student and Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan
چکیده [English]

In order to find the most effective concentration of 6-Banzilamino purine (BAP) and cycocel (CCC) on microtuber production of two potato cultivars under tissue culture conditions, a factorial experiment was carried out with randomized compelete design with 4 replications. Four levels of BAP (0, 5, 10 and 15 mg L-1) and four levels of CCC (0, 250, 500 and 1000 mg L-1) were applied on two potato cultivares (Sante and Arinda). Results showed that the best cultivar for microtuber production was Arinda and the best plant growth regulator combination regarding to microtuber number was 10 mg L-1 BAP+250 mg L-1 CCC. Although, the highest microtuber yield achived at 5 mg L-1 BAP without CCC. Tuber dry weight and tuber diameter were reached to the highest levels at 10 mg L-1 BAP without CCC. On the other hand, higher microtuber number, yield, and the larger microtuber, acompanied with decrease of shoot and root length were obtained with BAP and CCC application.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • microtuber
  • 6-Banzylaminopurine (BAP)
  • cycocel (CCC)
 
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