اثر سطوح مختلف بیوچار، هیدروچار و اسیدسالیسیلیک بر رشد گیاه همیشه‌بهار ‏‏(‏Calendula officinalis L.‎‏)‏

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

2 دانشیار و دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران


به‌‌ تا‌‌ز‌گی‌‌‌ ا‌ستفا‌‌د‌ه‌ ا‌ز‌‌ بیو‌‌‌چا‌‌ر‌‌‌ و‌‌ هید‌‌ر‌‌و‌‌چا‌‌ر‌‌ به‌‌‌ د‌‌لیل‌‌‌ پتا‌نسیل‌‌‌ بهبو‌‌د‌‌‌ حا‌صلخیز‌‌‌ی‌‌ خا‌‌ک‌‌، غیر‌‌متحرک‌ کر‌د‌ن‌ آ‌لو‌د‌گی‌‌ها‌‌ و‌ همچنین‌‌ یک‌‌‌ ر‌و‌ش‌ منا‌سب‌‌ بر‌ا‌‌ی‌‌ ذ‌خیر‌ه‌ و‌ تر‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌سیب‌‌ کر‌بن‌‌ مو‌ر‌د‌ تو‌جه‌ قر‌ا‌ر‌ گر‌فته‌ ا‌ست‌.‌ در این پژوهش تأ‌ثیر منابع اصلاح کننده خاک با پنج‌ سطح (بیوچار ۱‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ و ‌‌‌‌‌‌۲‌‌ درصد‌ وزنی، هید‌روچار ‌‌‌‌۱‌‌‌ و ‌‌‌‌۲‌‌‌ درصد‌ وزنی‌‌‌ و بدون ما‌د‌ه‌‌‌ اصلاحی) و اسید سالیسیلیک با سه سطح (صفر‌، ۲۰۰‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ و ‌۴۰۰‌‌ میلی‌گرم بر لیتر) بر گیا‌ه‌ همیشه بهار بررسی گردید. این آزمایش به‌‌ صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد بیوچار و هیدروچار ۲‌‌‌‌‌‌ درصد وزنی سبب افز‌ا‌یش ۳۹‌‌ و ۳۶‌‌‌‌ درصدی طول عمر گل‌‌‌‌ و کاهش ۲۲‌‌ و ۲۱‌‌ درصدی نشت یونی‌ و ۳۶‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ و ۲۹‌ درصدی مالون دی‌آلدهید‌‌‌‌ نسبت به تیمار شاهد گردید‌. غلظت ۲۰۰‌‌ میلی‌گرم بر‌‌ لیتر اسید سا‌لیسیلیک نیز سبب افزایش ۲۱‌‌ درصدی طول عمر گل و کاهش ۱۹‌‌ درصدی میز‌ا‌‌ن‌ نشت یو‌نی و مالو‌ن‌‌ دی‌‌آلدهید‌ نسبت به تیمار شاهد شد. همچنین بیشترین‌ درصد وزن خشک اندام هوایی، وزن خشک ریشه، کلروفیل کل، فعا‌لیت آنز‌یم‌ پراکسیداز و آنز‌‌یم‌ آسکوربا‌ت‌‌‌ پراکسیداز‌ با‌ کاربرد‌ بیوچار یا‌ هیدروچا‌ر‌‌ ۲‌‌ درصد وزنی‌‌‌ و اسید‌ سالیسیلیک‌ ۲۰۰‌‌‌‌‌‌‌ میلی‌گرم‌ بر‌ لیتر‌ حاصل گر‌د‌‌ید‌‌‌‌‌. این‌‌‌‌ ‌نتایج‌‌‌ حاکی از نقش مثبت مواد اصلاح کننده خاک بود.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different levels of biochar, hydrochar and salicylic acid on the growth of ‎Calendula officinalis L.‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sara Khaleghi Gazik 1
  • Vahid Reza Saffari 2
  • Shahrzad Daneshvar 3
1 M.Sc. Graduated, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, ‎Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
3 Ph. D. Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

Recently use of biochar and hydrochar have been considered as a suitable method for improving soil fertility, fixing soil pollutant and store carbon inside the soil. In this study the effect of different soil improvers at 5 levels including biochar at 1 and 2% w/w, hydrochar at 1 and 2% w/w and no soil improver and also salicylic acid at 3 levels (0, 200 and 400 mg-L) were applied on marigold plants. This experiment was a factorial based on complitly randomized design. Results showed that biochar and hydrochar at 2% w/w level increased flower life at 39 and 36%, respectively, but decreased ion leakage 22 and 21%, and also malondialdehyde at 36 and 29%, respectively compared to control treatment. Salicylic acid at 200 mg-L concentration increased flower life at 21% and decreased ion leakage and malondialdehyde by 19% compared to control treatment. Highest ratios of shoot dry weight, root dry weight, total chlorophyll content, peroxidase and ascorbate peroxidase enzyme activity were obtained by application of biochar or hydrochar at 2% w/w and salicylic acid at 200 mg-L. These results indicated the positive role of soil improvers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ion leakage
  • malondialdehyde
  • root dry weight
  • total chlorophyll‎
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