نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکدگان کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 استاد، دانشکدگان کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

3 استادیار، دانشکدگان کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

10.22059/ijhs.2021.294739.1758

چکیده

تنش خشکی یکی از عوامل محدود کننده توسعه فضای سبز می­باشد. به منظور بررسی پاسخ چهار گونه رز وحشی (Rosa canina،
R. beggeriana، R. orientalis و R. persica) به تنش کم‌آبی آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با دو عامل گونه های رز و عامل دوم تنش کم‌آبی با سه سطح (شاهد (03/0-)، 8/0- (متوسط) و 5/1- (شدید) مگاپاسکال پتانسیل آب خاک) انجام شد. گیاهان یکساله حاصل از پاجوش­های گونه­های مذکور تحت تیمار تنش کم‌آبی قرار گرفتند. براساس نتایج وزن برگ در واحد سطح (LMA) بین گونه­ها متفاوت بود و تنش کم‌آبی بر آن اثری نداشت. تنش کم‌آبی موجب کاهش محتوای نسبی آب برگ (RWC)، شاخص عملکرد (PI)، مقدار کلروفیل و افزایش مقدار نشت یونی و مقدار مالون­دی­آلدهید (MDA) در R. persica شد. در گونه R. canina تنش کم‌آبی موجب کاهش RWC، PI و ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدانی (DPPH) و افزایش مقدار نشت یونی و MDA شد. در گونه R. beggeriana تنش کم‌آبی سبب افزایش نشت یونی و ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدانی شد و در بقیه صفات تفاوت نامحسوس بود. در گونه R. orientalis تنش کم‌آبی موجب تغییرات چندانی در صفات مورد بررسی نشد. بر اساس نتایج R. orientalis و سپس R. beggeriana به شرایط تنش کم‌آبی متحمل­تر هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of some physiological and biochemical reactions in some Iranian native roses ‎to water deficit stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Neda Jalali 1
  • Rohangiz Naderi 2
  • Azizollah Khandan-Mirkohi 3

1 Ph. D. Candidate,, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran ‎

2 Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran ‎

3 Assistant Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran ‎

چکیده [English]

Drought stress is one of limitation factors in landscape expantion. In order to investigate response of four wild roses species (Rosa canina, R. beggeriana, R. orientalis & R. persica) to water deficit, a factorial experiment was carried out in a completely randomized block design with two factors Rosa species and water deficit at three levels (control (-0.03), -0.8 (moderate) & -1.5 (Severe) MPa). One year old plant obtained from mentioned rose sucker were subjected to water deficit treatment. Based on the results, leaf mass area (LMA) was different between species and water deficit had no effect on that. Water deficit caused decreased relative leaf water content (RWC), performance index (PI), chlorophyll content and increased electric leakage (EL) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in R. persica. In R. canina RWC, PI and free radical scavenging capacity (DPPH) decreased and EL and MDA increased. In R. beggeriana EL and DPPH increased and in other characteristics difference was invisible. In R. orientalis water deficit had no dramatic effect on traits. Based on the results R. orientalis and then R. beggeriana are more tolerable to drought stress.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • antioxidant capacity
  • Chlorophyll
  • ‎‏ ‏drought
  • Malondialdehyde
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