نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان گلستان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ‏گرگان، ایران

2 دکتری زراعت ، موسسه آموزش و ترویج، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد جنگلداری، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان گلستان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ‏ترویج کشاورزی، گرگان، ایران

چکیده

 به­منظور بررسی تاثیر ورمی‌کمپوست بر عملکرد گل و اجزای آن در ژنوتیپ­های گل محمدی، آزمایشی بصورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گلستان در سال­های 1399-1397 اجرا گردید. در این طرح عامل اول ورمی‌کمپوست در سه سطح (صفر، 5 و10 تن در هکتار) و عامل دوم ژنوتیپ­های گل محمدی در چهار سطح (کاشان، سمنان، آذربایجان غربی و گلستان) بودند. در این آزمایش ارتفاع متوسط پایه، تعداد گل در پایه، قطر گل، وزن گل تازه در ­پایه، وزن گل خشک در پایه، عملکرد گل تازه و عملکرد گل خشک برای هر تیمار اندازه‌گیری شدند. نتایج نشان داد در بین ترکیب­های تیمار‌ی از نظر تمامی صفات مورد مطالعه تفاوت معنی‌داری در سطح احتمال یک درصد وجود داشت. بیشترین ارتفاع متوسط بوته، بیشترین تعداد گل در بوته، بیشترین قطر گل، بیشترین عملکرد گل تازه و عملکرد گل خشک، در تمامی ژنوتیپ­ها در حالت کاربرد حداکثر ورمی‌کمپوست (ده تن در هکتار) حاصل گردید. از نظر عملکرد گل، ژنوتیپ کاشان با عمکرد گل تازه 35/2319 کیلوگرم در هکتار و عملکرد گل خشک 22/651 کیلوگرم در هکتار دارای بیشترین و ژنوتیپ گلستان با عملکرد گل تازه 16/1317کیلوگرم در هکتار و عملکرد گل خشک 23/452 کیلوگرم در هکتار کمترین عملکرد گل را داشتند. همچنین ﻫﻤﺒﺴﺘﮕﻲ بین برخی صفات کمی در این آزﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻧﺸﺎن داد ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮد گل خشک در ﻫﻜﺘـﺎر راﺑﻄـﻪ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ و بالایی با تعداد گل در پایه (95/0=r) و عملکرد تازه گل (96/0=r) داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of different levels of vermicompost on flower yield and its components in ‎genotypes of Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) in Golestan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Rezvani 1
  • Ali Baba Golzadeh 2
  • Gholam-Ali Gholami 3
  • Majid Asiai 3

1 Assistant Professor, Golestan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Gorgan, Iran

2 ‎Ph.D. in Agronomy of Institute of Education and Extension, AREEO, Tehran, Iran

3 M.Sc. in Forestry, Golestan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center. AREEO, Gorgan, Iran

چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of vermicompost on the flower yield and its components in genotypes of Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.), a factorial experiment was carried out based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications since 2018-2020 years in the Research Field of Golestan Research Center of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Experimental factors were included three levels of vermicompost (0, 5 and 10 ton ha-1) and four levels of Damask rose genotypes (Kashan, Semnan, Azerbaijan Garbi and Golestan). In this experiment, average plant height, number of flower per plant, flower diameter, fresh weight of flower per plant, dray weight of  flower per plant, yield of fresh flowers and yield of dry flowers were measured for each treatment. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the treatments combinations in terms of all the studied traits (P<0.01). The highest average plant height, maximum number of flowers per plant, highest flower diameter, highest fresh flower yield and dry flower yield were obtained in all genotypes in the maximum application of vermicompost (10 ton/ha). In terms of flower yield, Kashan genotype with fresh flower yield 2319.35 kg/ha and yield of dry flower with 651.22 kg/ha has the highest and Golestan genotype with fresh flower yield 1317.16 kg/ha and dry flower yield with 452.23 kg/ha had the lowest flower yield. Also signification correlation was observed between some of the quantitative traits in this experiment, yield of dry flowers per hectare direct and high relationship with the number of flowers per plant (r=0.95) and fresh flower yield (r = 0.96).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Flower diameter
  • flower yield
  • genotype
  • Rosa damascena Mill
  • vermicompost
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