نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکدگان کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران ‏

2 استادیار، دانشکدگان کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران ‏

3 استاد، دانشکدگان کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران ‏

10.22059/ijhs.2021.317893.1895

چکیده

امروزه، افزایش رشد و نمو گیاهان با استفاده از مواد آلی طبیعی از جمله عصاره جلبک­های دریایی به عنوان یک هدف دنبال می­گردد.  به منظور بررسی تاثیر عصاره جلبک قهوه­ای سارگاسوم بر رشد و عملکرد گیاه زینتی داودی آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار انجام شد. عامل اول عصاره جلبلک در سه سطح (صفر آب (به عنوان شاهد)، 10 و 20 درصد) و عامل دوم روش کاربرد  در دو سطح (محلول­پاشی و محلول­دهی پای بوته) بود. قلمه­های ریشه­دار در گلدان­هایی که با خاک مزرعه با بافت لومی-شنی پر شده بود، کشت گردیدند. تیماردهی در هفت نوبت به فاصله دو هفته پس از انتقال قلمه­های ریشه‌دار به گلدان اصلی انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد سطوح مختلف جلبک سارگاسوم بر اغلب صفات از قبیل وزن تر گیاه، وزن تر ریشه، تعداد برگ، طول ساقه، تعداد شاخه، تعداد گل و قطر گل، کلروفیل­ها، کاروتنوئیدها، کربوهیدرات محلول برگ اثر مثبت و بر پراکسیداسیون لیپید و نشت یونی اثر منفی داشت. همچنین تاثیر روش کاربرد محلول­پاشی بر رشد رویشی و زایشی بهتر از روش محلول­دهی پای بوته بود. بر پایه نتایج این آزمایش می­توان پیشنهاد کرد که استفاده از عصاره جلبک سارگاسوم به صورت محلول‎پاشی با غلظت 10 درصد، می­تواند باعث افزایش رشد رویشی و زایشی گل داودی گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of brown seaweed (Sargassum wightii) extract application on growth and ‎development of chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum grandiflorum)‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Jamali 1
  • Azizollah Khandan-Mirkohi 2
  • Mohsen Kafi 3

1 Ph.D. Candidate, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, ‎Karaj, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

3 Professor, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

چکیده [English]

Today, increasing the growth and development of plants by using natural organic matter such as seaweed extract is pursued as a goal. In order to investigate effect of using seaweed extract on the growth and yield of chrysanthemum a factorial experiment based on the randomized complete block design with three replications was carried out. The first factor was seaweed extract at three levels (0 (water as control), 10 and 20%) and the second factor was mothod of application at two levels (as spray and fertigation). Rooted cuttings were cultivated in the pots filled by sandy loam field soil. Treatment was performed seven times every two weeks after transferring the rooted cuttings to the main pot. The results showed that the effect of different levels of seaweed extract was positive on the most of traits such as total fresh weight, fresh weight of roots, number of leaves, stem length, number of branches, number of flowers and flower diameter, chlorophylls, carotenoids, leaf soluble carbohydrates and negative on the lipid peroxidation and ion leakage. Also, the effect of the spray application method was notable than fertigation on the vegetative and reproductive growth. Based on the results, it can be suggested that the use of seaweed extract at 10% through spray method can increase the vegetative and reproductive growth of chrysanthemums.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bio-stimulants
  • Foliar Application
  • liquid fertilizer
  • marine bioactive substances
  • plant Base injection
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