نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری،دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 استاد، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

3 دانشیار، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

4 دانشیار، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

این تحقیق با هدف بررسی تأثیر محلول­های مختلف غذایی و ورمی‌کمپوست بر رشد و گلدهی گل شیپوری گلدانی به صورت طرح اسپلیت پلات در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در بسترهای کشت بدون خاک انجام شد. آزمایش با 16 تیمار شامل 4 نوع محلول غذایی کوئیک تغییر یافته و4 نوع بستر کشت حاوی ورمی‌کمپوست بود که در 3 تکرار و هر تکرار شامل 4 گلدان انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد تفاوت معنی­داری در بین تیمارهای مختلف از نظر طول ساقه، تعداد برگ، سطح برگ، تعداد گل، طول و عرض چمچه­، طول ریشه، طول دوره گلدهی، ماندگاری گلدانی، میزان کلروفیل­هایa ، b و کل و آنتوسیانین چمچه­ وجود داشت. بیشترین تعداد برگ و میزان سبزینه­های برگی در اثر محلول غذایی یک و ورمی‌کمپوست 5 درصد به دست آمد. بیشترین طول ریشه در اثر محلول غذایی 2 و ورمی‌کمپوست 5 درصد مشاهده شد. تیمار با محلول غذایی 2 و ورمی‌کمپوست 15 درصد بیشترین طول دوره گلدهی را نشان داد. ماندگاری گلدانی گل در اثر محلول غذایی 1 و بدون ورمی‌کمپوست بیشتر از سایر تیمارها بود. بیشترین تعداد گل در اثر محلول غذایی 4 و ورمی‌کمپوست 5 درصد مشاهده شد. میزان آنتوسیانین در اثر محلول غذایی 4 و ورمی‌کمپوست 10 درصد بالاتر از تیمارهای دیگر بود. بیشترین قطر ساقه نیز در اثر تیمار محلول غذایی 2 و ورمی‌کمپوست 15 درصد ایجاد شد. همچنین نتیجه­گیری شد که محلول غذایی 1 به دلیل دارا بودن بیشترین نیترات آمونیم نسبت به سایر محلول­ها، بر صفات رویشی برگ­ها تأثیر گذار بود و محلول غذایی 2 به دلیل دارا بودن بیشترین نیترات پتاسیم نسبت به دیگر محلول­ها، بر صفات زایشی تأثیر معنی­داری داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of nutrient solutions and vermicompost on growth and flowering of calla lily ‎‎(Zantedeschia pentlandii cv. Allure) in soilless culture

نویسندگان [English]

  • Niloufar Rajaei 1
  • Moazzam Hassanpour Asil 2
  • Jamal-Ali Olfati 3
  • Akbar Norastehnia 4

1 Ph. D. Candidate, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

2 Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Faculty of Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran‎

چکیده [English]

The effect of nutrient solutions on the growth, development and flowering of calla lily was studied in a split plot design with completely randomized blocks design in soilless media cultures. The experiment was conducted with 16 treatments including four kinds of changed Quick nutrient solutions and four media cultures containing vermicompost and three replications and every replication included four pots. Results showed significant differences among different treatments regarding stem length, number of leaves, leaf area, number of flowers, spathe length, spathe width, root length, flowering period, pot life, amount of chlorophylls a, b, total and spathe anthocyanins. The highest number of leaves and the most amount of leaf chlorophylls resulted under the influence of nutrient solution 1 and vermicompost 5%. The highest root lenght resulted under the effect of nutrient solution 2 and vermicompost 5%. Treatment with nutrient solution 2 and vermicompost 15% showed the longest flowering period. Pot life of flower was longer than other treatments under the influence of nutrient solution 1 and without vermicompost. The highest number of flowers were seen as a result of nutrient solution 4 with vermicompost 5%. The amount of anthocyanins under the effect of nutrient solution 4 and vermicompost 10% was higher than other treatments. The largest stem diameter was obtained from nutrient solution 2 and vermicompost 15%. Also, it was concluded that nutrient solution 1 was more effective on vegetative characteristics of leaves because of having the most ammonium nitrate compared to other solutions and nutrient solution 2 had a significant effect on producing characteristics because of having the most potassium nitrate compared to other solutions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anthocyanin
  • Chlorophyll
  • Calcium nitrate
  • nutrient elements
  • spathe
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