نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران ‏

2 استادیار، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران ‏

3 دانشیار، مؤسسه تحقیقات جنگل‌ها و مراتع کشور، سازمان‎ ‎تحقیقات،‎ ‎آموزش‎ ‎و‎ ‎ترویج‎ ‎کشاورزی، تهران، ایران ‏

4 دانشیار، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران ‏

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثر تنش خشکی بر صفات مورفولوژیکی و مقادیر پرولین گیاهچه‌های پنج گونه ‌Allium L.، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی در شرایط گلخانه در مؤسسه تحقیقات جنگل‌ها و مراتع کشور در سال 1398 اجرا شد. عامل اول گونه در پنج سطح (.Allium longisepalum Bertol، A. rubellum M. Bieb.، A. giganteum Regel، A. stipitatum Regel،A. vavilovii M. Popov et Vved.  ) و عامل دوم تنش خشکی در چهار سطح (100 (شاهد)، ۷۵، 55، ۳5 درصد ظرفیت زراعی) بودند. نتایج نشان داد اثر تنش خشکی بر طول ریشه، طول و قطر سوخ، وزن خشک و درصد ماده خشک سوخ و میزان پرولین برگ معنی‌دار بود. نتایج تجزیه خوشه‌ای،
A. rubellum و A. vavilovii که دارای سوخ بزرگ‌تر و سنگین‌‎تر در شرایط تنش خشکی بود در یک خوشه‌ و A. longisepalum، A. giganteum و A. stipitatum  با طول بیشتر ریشه در همین شرایط در خوشه‌ دوم قرار داد. نتایج حاکی از واکنش متفاوت گونه‌های Allium به تنش خشکی بود، به‌طوریکه در گونه‌هایA. giganteum و A. longisepalum، که علایم پژمردگی به ترتیب 24 و 20 روز پس از اعمال تنش خشکی شدید (35% ظرفیت زراعی) ظاهر شد، متحمل‌ترین گونه‌های مورد بررسی بودند که می‌توان برای اصلاح ژنتیکی و یا کاشت در فضای سبز استفاده نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of drought stress on morphological traits and proline values of five ‎medicinal species of Allium L. in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Afsoun Rahmanpour 1
  • Atousa Vaziri 2
  • Parvin Salehi Shanjani 3
  • Mina Rabie 4
  • Younes Asri 3

1 Ph. D. Candidate,, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization ‎‎(AREEO), Tehran, Iran‎

4 Associate Professor, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

To investigate the effect of drought stress on morphological traits and proline values seedling establishment in five species of Allium, a factorial experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design in greenhouse conditions at the Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands of Iran in 2019. The first factor was species in five levels (Allium longisepalum Bertol., A. rubellum M. Bieb., A. giganteum Regel, A. stipitatum Regel, A. vavilovii Popov & Vved.) and the second factor was drought stress at four levels (100% (control), 75%, 50% and 35% field capacity). The results showed that effect of drought stress was significant on root length, bulb length and diameter, bulb dry weight, bulb dry matter (%) and leaf proline content. The results of cluster analysis put A. rubellum and A. vavilovii with a larger and heavier bulb due to drought stress in one cluster and A. longisepalum, A. giganteum and A. stipitatum with longer root length in the second cluster. The results showed different responses of Allium species to drought stress, as in A. giganteum and A. longisepalum, which showed signs of wilting 24 and 20 days after severe drought stress (35% of field capacity), respectively, were the most tolerant species, which can be used for genetic modification or planting in green space.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • A. longisepalum Bertol
  • A. rubellum M. Bieb
  • A. giganteum Regel
  • A. stipitatum Regel
  • A. vavilovii Popov et ‎Vved‎
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