ارزیابی مقدماتی سازگاری، رشد و عملکرد پیوندک خربزه خاتونی روی پایه‌های مختلف کدو در ‏شرایط مزرعه‌ای

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 استادیار، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

3 استاد، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

چکیده

به منظور بررسی سازگاری پیوندک خربزه خاتونی روی پایه­های کدو، آزمایشی بصورت طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال زراعی 1396 در ایستگاه تحقیقات علوم باغبانی دانشگاه تهران انجام شد. هفت رقم پایه مختلف کدو، Rout Power, ES 900, RZ 12, Nongwoo 01, RZ 6, Shintozwa, PS580 همراه با گیاه شاهد (خربزه خاتونی) و پیوندک خربزه خاتونی، در این پژوهش به‌کار گرفته شدند. میزان سازگاری این پایه­ها براساس الگوی رشد، عملکرد و کیفیت میوه خربزه خاتونی مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. مطابق با نتایج، عملکرد میوه بطور معنی­داری تحت تاثیر پایه و سازگاری پیوند قرار گرفت. بیشترین عملکرد وزن میوه به ترتیب متعلق به پایه­های ES و RZ6 بود. بیشترین تعداد میوه در بوته در پایه­های Rout Power و  Shintozwa  و بیشترین میزان مواد جامد محلول در پایه­ Shintozwa گزارش شد. میزان هدایت الکتریکی شیره خام گیاهان پیوندی نسبت به گیاهان غیرپیوندی بیشتر بود. بیشترین میزان شیره خام در روز از پایه­ی01  Nongwoo جمع‌آوری شد. بیشترین درصد ماده خشک ریشه متعلق به پایه سازگار Nongwoo 01  بود که نسبت به سایر پایه­ها و شاهد تفاوت معنی­دار نشان داد. اولین علامت ناسازگاری مورفولوژیکی، با افزایش تفاضل قطر محل پیوند با قطر پایه و پیوندک بود. این تفاضل قطر در پایه ناسازگار PS 580 در مقایسه با گیاه سازگار Nongwoo 01 به طور معنی­داری بیشتر بود. بر اساس نتایج پژوهش حاضر، پایه­های Shintozwa و Rout Power را می­توان بعنوان پایه­های مناسب و سازگار برای پیوند خربزه خاتونی معرفی نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Preliminary evaluation of compatibility, growth and yield of Khatooni melon’s scion ‎on different cucurbit rootstocks in the field condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maedeh Fereshtian 1
  • Reza Salehi 2
  • Abdolkarim Kashi 3
  • Mesbah Babalar 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3 Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the compatibility of the melon (khatooni) scions on different cucurbit rootstocks, a field experiment was conducted based on a complete blocks design with three replications in Horticultural Science Research Station of University of Tehran during 2017. Seven different rootstocks named as Rout Power, ES 900, RZ12, Nongwoo 01, RZ6, PS580, Shintozwa and additionally control rootstock (Khatooni) and Khatooni as scion were used in the current research. Compatibility these rootstocks evaluated based on plant growth pattern, performance and fruit quality of Khatooni melon. The highest fruit yield obtained on RZ6 and ES rootstocks, respectively. Large number of fruit per plant was observed on Shintozwa and Rout Power rootstocks, respectively and the highest total soluble solids was found on Shintozwa rootstock. Electrical conductivity of raw sap was higher in the grafted plants compared to non-grafted plants. Maximum amount of raw sap per day was collected from Nongwoo 01 rootstock. Maximum percentage of root dry weight was found on the Nongwoo 01 as compatible rootstock which was significantly higher than other grafted rootstocks and control. The first morphological signs of incompatibility were detected by increasing the diameter difference between grafting union and rootstock or scion. This diameter difference was significantly higher for PS580 as incompatible rootstock compared to Nongwoo 01 as compatible rootstock. Based on the results, Shintozwa and Rout Power rootstocks could be recommended as appropriate and compatible rootstocks for the khatooni melon. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Compatibility
  • grafted union diameter
  • Khatooni melon
  • Rootstock
  • scion
  • yield
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