تأثیر گاما آمینو بوتیریک اسید و اسپرمین بر صفات مورفوفیزیولوژیکی و رنگیزه‌های گیاهی گل ‏محمدی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

2 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

چکیده

به منظور ارزیابی تأثیر گاما آمینو بوتیریک اسید و اسپرمین بر برخی از ویژگی­های مورفولوژیکی و فیزیولوژیکی گل محمدی، آزمایشی بر پایه­ی طرح کاملا تصادفی در بهار و تابستان 1396 در دانشگاه زنجان در سه تکرار انجام گرفت. تیمار­های آزمایش شامل سه غلظت محلول‌پاشی گاما آمینو بوتیریک اسید (یک، پنج و 10 میلی‌مولار) و سه غلظت اسپرمین ( نیم، یک و 5/1 میلی‌مولار) بودند. صفات مورد ارزیابی شامل صفات مورفولوژیکی (ارتفاع گیاه، تعداد گل، تعداد شاخه گل­دهنده، قطر سایه انداز گیاه، متوسط تعداد گل در شاخه، وزن خشک گلبرگ) و صفات فیزیولوژیکی (کلروفیل کل، کلروفیلa، کلروفیل b، کاروتنوئید، فلاونوئید برگ و گلبرگ و فعالیت آنزیم پراکسیداز) بودند. نتایج نشان داد همه صفات، به جزء ارتفاع گیاه، قطر سایه انداز گیاه و شمار شاخه­های گل­دهنده در مقایسه با شاهد دارای تفاوت معنی‌دار بودند. بر اساس نتایج غلظت پنج میلی‌مولار گاما آمینو بوتیریک اسید و غلظت یک میلی‌مولار اسپرمین باعث بهبود صفات مورفوفیزیولوژیکی در مرحله زایشی شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of γ-aminobutyric acid and spermine on morphophysiological traits and ‎pigmentation of Rosa damascena Mill. ‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mitra Aelaei 1
  • Mohammadamin Mirzaabolghasemi 2
  • Azizollah Kheiry 1
  • Zahra Ghahremani 1
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of‏ ‏Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
2 Former M. Sc. Student, Faculty of‏ ‏Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the effect of γ-aminobutyric acid and spermine on some morphological and physiological traits of Damask rose plant, a completely randomized design was carried out in spring and summer 2017 and in Zanjan University in three replications. Experimental treatments consisted of three levels of gamma aminobutyric acid (1, 5, 10 mM) and three levels of spermine (0.5, 1, 1.5 mM). The evaluated traits included morphological traits (plant height, number of flowers, number of flowering branches, plant shadow diameter, average number of flowers per branch and petal dry weight) and physiological traits (total chlorophyll, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, carotenoids, leaf flavonoids, petal flavonoids and peroxidase enzyme activity). The results showed that there was a significant difference in all the traits, except plant height, plant shadow diameter and number of flowering branches, compared to the control. Based on the results the concentration of 5 mM gamma aminobutyric acid and 1 mM spermine improved the morphophysiological traits in reproductive stage.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Carotenoids
  • Chlorophyll
  • flavonoids
  • Peroxidase
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