ارزیابی کاربرد زئولیت بر ویژگی‌های کمی و کیفی گیاه دارویی کارلا (‏Momordica charantia ‎L.‎‏) در شرایط کم‌آبیاری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

2 استاد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

3 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

4 دانشیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین، خوزستان، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر زئولیت بر ویژگی های کمی و کیفی گیاه دارویی کارلا تحت تیمارهای کم‌آبیاری، آزمایشی به­صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار در گلخانه پژوهشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه زابل در سال ۱۳97- 1396 اجرا شد. فاکتورهای آزمایش شامل تنش کم‌آبی در سه سطح (90، 70 و 50 درصد ظرفیت زراعی) و زئولیت در چهار سطح (صفر، 20، 30 و 40 گرم در هر کیلوگرم خاک گلدان) اعمال گردید. نتایج نشان داد کاربرد زئولیت سبب افزایش وزن تر و خشک میوه، قطر میوه و تعداد میوه در بوته شد و کم‌آبیاری اثر کاهشی بر صفات ذکرشده داشت. کاربرد زئولیت در تمامی سطوح کم‌آبیاری سبب افزایش طول بوته، طول میوه، عملکرد میوه، کلروفیل a، b و کارتنویید، ویتامین C و آلکالویید گردید، به‌طوری­که بیشترین مقدار این صفات در تیمار 40 گرم زئولیت در کیلوگرم خاک حاصل شدند. با توجه به نتایج به‌دست‌آمده می­توان کاربرد زئولیت را درکاهش اثرات نامطلوب کم‌آبیاری بر صفات کمی و کیفی گیاه دارویی کارلا، مثبت ارزیابی کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of zeolite on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of carela ‎‎(Momordica charantia L.) medicinal plant under deficit irrigation ‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoomeh Broushaki 1
  • Baratali Fakheri 2
  • Nafiseh Mahdinezhad 3
  • Mehdi Aran 3
  • Alireza Abdali Mashhadi 4
1 M.Sc. Student, Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
2 Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Ramin University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Khuzestan, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study the application of zeolite on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of carela medicinal plant under deficit irrigation, a factorial experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with three replications in a greenhouse at the Agricultural Institute, University of Zabol during 2018. Experimental factors included deficit irrigation in three levels, (90, 70 and 50 % F.C.), and four levels of zeolite (0, 20, 30 and 40 g/kg of soil). The results showed that application of zeolite increased fresh and dry fruit weight, fruit diameter and fruits number per plant and deficit irrigation had a decreasing effect on the mentioned traits. Application of zeolite at all levels of deficit irrigation increased plant length, fruit length, fruit yield, chlorophyll a, b and carotenoid, vitamin C and alkaloids, so that the highest amount of these traits was obtained from 40 g/kg zeolite. In general, application of zeolite was helpful in reducing the adverse effects of deficit irrigation on carela's quantitative and qualitative traits.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Alkaloids
  • Fruit number
  • fruit yield
  • vitamin C‎
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