پیش‌بینی پتانسیل رشد با مطالعه صفات رویشی در برخی پایه‌های سیب دورگه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار پژوهش، پژوهشکده میوه های معتدله و سردسیری، مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم باغبانی، سازمان تحقیقات، ‏آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، 31585، صندوق پستی 4119، کرج، ایران

2 کارشناس، پژوهشکده میوه های معتدله و سردسیری، مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم باغبانی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج ‏کشاورزی، 31585، صندوق پستی 4119، کرج، ایران

10.22059/ijhs.2019.284902.1675

چکیده

انتخاب نتاج امید بخش در مراحل اولیه پروژه اصلاح پایه‌های رویشی درختان میوه یکی از روش‌های دستیابی زود هنگام به پایه‌های مورد نظر می‌باشد. در این پژوهش صفات رویشی مرتبط با قدرت رشد در تعداد 11 ژنوتیپ امید بخش پایه سیب به همراه پایه رویشی سیب MM111 به عنوان شاهد بررسی شد. نتایج نشان داد بین ژنوتیپ پایه‌های مورد مطالعه به لحاظ صفات رویشی تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود داشت. بر اساس قدرت رشد این ژنوتیپ‌ها به سه دسته کلی تقسیم شدند: 1- ژنوتیپ‌های کم‌رشد (پاکوتاه) AR4, AR8, AR11 که دارای کمترین بیوماس، کمترین سرعت رشد و بیشترین تراکم روزنه در واحد سطح برگ بودند، 2- ژنوتیپ‌های پر رشد AR1، AR3، AR6، AR7 و AR9 که دارای بیشترین بیوماس، بیشترین سرعت رشد و کمترین تراکم روزنه در واحد سطح برگ بودند و 3- ژنوتیپ‌های متوسط رشد AR2، AR5، AR10 و MM111 که دارای مقدار متوسط بیوماس، سرعت رشد و تراکم روزنه در واحد سطح برگ بودند. ژنوتیپ‌های کم رشد بیشترین و ژنوتیپ‌های پر رشد کمترین نسبت وزن خشک ریشه به شاخساره را داشتند. گسترش رشد طولی ریشه در ژنوتیپ‌های سیب با قدرت رشد پایه‌ها ارتباط مستقیمی نداشت، اما با گسترش افقی در آن‌ها رابطه عکس داشت. ژنوتیپ‌های AR1, AR4, AR5, AR10 که گسترش طولی ریشه بیشتری نسبت به سایر ژنوتیپ‌ها داشتند، گسترش افقی ریشه کمتری داشتند و ژنوتیپ پایه‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های AR2, AR3, AR8 که گسترش طولی کمتری داشتند، گسترش افقی بیشتری داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting the growth potential in some apple (Mallus domestica Borkh.) hybrid ‎rootstocks by study of vegetative characteristics

نویسندگان [English]

  • Dariush Atashkar 1
  • Rohollah Haghjooyan 1
  • Maryam Dodangeh Balakhani 2
  • Asghar Soleimani 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Temperate Fruits Research Center, Horticultural Sciences Research ‎Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extention (AREEO), P.O. Box. 4119, Karaj, 31585, Iran
2 Instructor, Department of Horticulture, Temperate Fruits Research Center, Horticultural Sciences Research Institute, Agricultural ‎Research, Education and Extention (AREEO), P.O. Box. 4119, Karaj, 31585, Iran
چکیده [English]

The selection of promising progenies in the early stages is one of the methods for rootstock breeding of fruit trees. In this study, vegetative traits in 11 apple genotypes with MM111 as control were investigated. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the genotypes of the studied bases in terms of vegetative traits and were classified into three general categories based on their growth potentials: 1. AR4, AR8, AR11, as dwarf genotypes with the lowestbiomass, the lowest growth rate and the highest stomatal density per leaf area unit. 2. AR1, AR3, AR6, AR7, AR9as vigorous genotypes had the highest biomass, the highest growth rate and the lowest stomatal density per leaf area. 3. AR2, AR5, AR10, MM111 had an average amount of biomass, growth rate and stomatal density per leaf area. Dwarf genotypes had the highest and vigorous genotypes had the lowest ratio of dry weight of root to shoots. Longitudinal growth of root growth in genotype of apple rootstocks had no direct relation with rootstock vigor, but there was a reverse correlation with horizontal extension. AR1, AR4, AR5, AR10 genotypes had longer roots than other genotypes of rootstocks, with lowest horizontal extension of rootsand AR2, AR3, and AR8 genotypes with highest horizontal extension hed lowest longitudinal root growth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Breeding
  • Growth
  • Rootstock
  • root
  • stem
  • stomat‎
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