اثر ایندول بوتریک اسید، نوع بستر کشت و قطر قلمه بر کمیت ریشه‌زایی قلمه گل‌محمدی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ‏ایران

2 استاد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

4 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

10.22059/ijhs.2019.272669.1596

چکیده

یکی از مهم‌ترین گونه‌های رز، گل محمدی است که بعضی از رقم های آن برای تولید اسانس اهمیت دارند و بعضی دیگر به‌عنوان رزهای باغی کشت می‌شوند. به منظور بررسی اثر هورمون ایندول بوتریک اسید (IBA)، بستر کشت و قطر قلمه بر کیفیت ریشه‌زایی گل محمدی آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با 30 تیمار و 3 تکرار طراحی و اجرا شد.تیمارها شامل بستر کشت در سه سطح (30% کوکوپیت+ 70% پرلیت، 50% کوکوپیت+ 50% پرلیت، 50% ماسه+ 50% پرلیت)، ایندول بوتریک اسید در پنج سطح (صفر، 1000، 2000، 3000 و 4000 میلی‌گرم بر لیتر) و قطر قلمه در دو سطح ( 13-5 و 20-13 میلی‌متر) بودند. نتایج نشان داد درصد زنده‌مانی قلمه گل محمدی با افزایش غلظت IBAتا 3000 میلی‌گرم بر لیتر به‌طور معنی‌داری افزایش یافت. بیشترین تعداد برگ در تیمار 2000 و 3000 میلی­گرم در لیتر IBA و قلمه‌های قطورتر مشاهده شد. اثر متقابل غلظت هورمون IBA و قطر قلمه در اکثر پارامترها، به­جز تعداد ریشه، معنی‌دار شد. بیشترین حجم و طول ریشه، تعداد ریشه، تعداد برگ، درصد زنده‌مانی و بلندترین طول ریشه در بستر کشت 30:70 کوکوپیت و پرلیت مشاهده شد. براساس نتایج  می‌توان کاربرد غلظت 2000 میلی­گرم در لیتر هورمون IBA، قلمه‌های قطور (20-13 میلی‌متر) و بستر کشت 30:70 کوکوپیت و پرلیت را برای بیشترین درصد زنده‌مانی و تراکم ریشه توصیه کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of IBA, medium and diameter of cuttings on quantity of rooting of ‎Damask rose

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Karimzadeh 1
  • Ali Tehranifar 2
  • Hossein Nemati 3
  • Fereshteh Youssefi 4
1 Former M.Sc. Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of ‎Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
4 Former B.Sc. Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of the most important species of roses is the Damask rose, some of whose cultivars are important for the production of essential oil and others are cultivated as garden roses. In order to investigate effect of indole buteric acid (IBA), growing media and cuttings diameter on the quality of rooting, an experiment was designed a factorial based on randomized complete design with 30 treatments and 3 replications. Treatment contained growing media at 3 levels (cocopeat 30%+perlite 70%, cocopeat 50%+perlite 50% and sand 50%+perlite 50%), IBA concentration at 5 levels (0, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000 mg L-1) and stem diameter at 2 levels (5-13 and 13-20 mm). Results showed that the survival rate of Damask rose was significantly increased by increasing the concentration of IBA up to 3,000 mg.L-1. The highest number of leaves was observed in 2000 and 3000 mg.L-1 of IBA and more thick cuttings. Interaction between IBA concentration and cuttings diameter in most traits was significant, except for root number. The highest root length, root number, leaf number, viability, and longest root length were observed in culture media 30:70 cocopeat and perlite. According to results, 2000 mg L-1 IBA, thicker cuttings and cocopeat 30%+perlite 70% growing media could be suggested for maximum survival percentage and root density.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cocopeat
  • Perlite
  • root
  • stem cuttings
Ahmadi, N. (2011). Rooting and growth of cuttings from ethylene-low or ethylene-high sensitive miniature rose genotypes under mist condition. International Society for Horticultural Science,  952, 893-898.
Arteca, R.N. (2013). Plant growth substances: principles and applications. Springer Science & Business Media, 321-361.
Asaduzzaman, M., Kobayashi, Y., Mondal, M. F., Ban, T., Matsubara, H., Adachi, F. & Asao, T. (2013). Growing carrots hydroponically using perlite substrates. Scientia Horticulturae, 159, 113-121.
Awang, Y., Shaharom, A. S., Mohamad, R. B. & Selamat, A. (2009). Chemical and physical characteristics of cocopeat-based media mixtures and their effects on the growth and development of Celosia cristata. American journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences,4, 63-71.
Brennan, E. B. & Mudge, K. W. (1998). Vegetative propagation of Inga feuillei from shoot cuttings and air layering. New Forests, 15, 37-51.
Darodi, H., Akbarinia, M. A., Jalali, S. & Khosrojeardi, A. (2008). The effect of diameter of cutting and medium on rooting and viability of cutting (Rhus coriaria L). Biological Science Promotion, 21(2), 270-277. (in Farsi)
Ercişli, S., Eşitken, A., Anapali, O. & Şahin, U. (2004). Effects of substrate and IBA concentration on adventitious root formation on hardwood cuttings of Rosa dumalis. In "I International Rose Hip Conference 690", pp. 149-152.
Hartmann, H., Kester, D. & Davies, F. (1990). Theoretical aspects of grafting and budding. Plant Propagation, 5, 305-348.
Hartmann, H.T., Kester, D.E., Davies, F.T. & Geneve, R.L. (1997). Plant propagation: principles and practices (No. Ed. 6). Prentice-Hall Inc.
Ingle, M. & Venugopal, C. (2009). Effect of different growth regulators on rooting of stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni) cuttings. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 22, 455-456.
Izadi, Z. & Zarei, H. (2014). Evaluation of propagation of Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) through stenting method in response to different IBA concentrations and rootstocks. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 18-36.
 Keisling, T.C. & Fuqua, M.C. (1979). Aluminum and manganese toxicity of rose plants grown in East Texas. HortScience (USA), 21, 43-49.
Kumar, R., Tyagi, A.K. & Sharma, A. K. (2011). Genome-wide analysis of auxin response factor (ARF) gene family from tomato and analysis of their role in flower and fruit development. Molecular Genetics and Genomics, 285, 245-260.
Khalaj, M. A. & Amiri, M. (2011). The effect of different mediumes on quantity and quality of gerbera in non-rotating soilless culture. Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture 2(8), 47-54. (in Farsi).
Khosh-Khui, M. & Tafazoli, E. (1979). Effect of acid or base pretreatment on auxin response of Damask rose cuttings. Scientia Horticulturae, 10, 395-399.
Macdonald, B. (1986). Practical woody plant propagation for nursery growers. Volume I, Timber Press.
Magingo, F. & Dick, J. M. (2001). Propagation of two miombo woodland trees by leafy stem cuttings obtained from seedlings. Agroforestry Systems, 51, 49-55.
Marandi, R. (1997).Investigation on the effect of the medium on rooting of grape cuttings.Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, 23, 65-70. (in Farsi).
Nair, A., Zhang, D., Smagula, J. & Hu, D. (2008). Rooting & overwintering stem cuttings of Stewartia pseudocamellia Maxim. relevant to hormone, media, and temperature. HortScience, 43, 2124-2128.
Nasri, F., Fadakar, A., Saba, M.K. & Yousefi, B.( 2015). Study of indole butyric acid (IBA) effects on cutting rooting improving some of wild genotypes of damask roses (Rosa damascena Mill.). Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Belgrade, 60, 263-275.
Ranjbari, A. & Ahmadi, N. (2016). The effect of Two types Auxin IBA, NAA and medium on rooting of cuttings (Rosa hybrid). Journal of HorticulturalScience, 30, 528-520. (in Farsi).
Scagel, C., Reddy, K. & Armstrong, J. (2003). Mycorrhizal fungi in rooting substrate influences the quantity and quality of roots on stem cuttings of hick's yew. HortTechnology, 13(2), 62-66.
Shokri, S., Zarei, H. & Alizadeh, M. (2013). The effect of several rooting media on rooting of semi-hard cutting (Callistemon viminalis) in greenhouse conditions, 19(5), 173-182. (in Farsi).
Singh, K., Rawat, J., Tomar, Y. & Kumar, P. (2013). Effect of IBA concentration on inducing rooting in stem cuttings of Thuja compecta under mist house condition. HortFlora Reserch Spectrum, 2, 30-34.
Tabaei-Aghdaei, S. R., Babaei, A., Khosh-Khui, M., Jaimand, K., Rezaee, M. B., Assareh, M. H. & Naghavi, M.R. (2007). Morphological and oil content variations amongst Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) landraces from different regions of Iran. Scientia Horticulturae, 113, 44-48.
Van de Pol, P.A. & Breukelaar, A. (1982). Stenting of roses; a method for quick propagation by simultaneously cutting and grafting. Scientia Horticulturae, 17(2) 187-196.