تأثیر محلول‌پاشی سالیسیلیک اسید بر ویژگی‌های کمی و کیفی کاکوتی کوهی ‏‏(‏Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam.‎‏) در شرایط تنش کم‌آبی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 استاد، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

3 استادیار، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

10.22059/ijhs.2019.274761.1593

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر تنش کم‌آبی و سالیسیلیک اسید بر ویژگی­های مورفولوژیکی و فیزیولوژیکی گیاه دارویی کاکوتی کوهی (Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam.)، آزمایشی گلخانه‌ای به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار با دو عامل تنش کم‌آبی در چهار سطح (100، 75، 50 و 30 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه­ای) و محلول‌پاشی سالیسیلیک اسید در سه سطح (صفر، نیم و یک میلی‌مولار) صورت گرفت. وزن خشک بوته و اندام­های برگ و ساقه، کلروفیل a، b و کل، کاروتنوئید و عملکرد اسانس در اثر تنش کم‌آبی کاهش یافت، در حالی که محلول‌پاشی با سالیسیلیک اسید منجر به افزایش مقادیر این صفات شد. میزان فنل کل در اثر تنش کم‌آبی و سالیسیلیک اسید افزایش یافت و در تنش 30 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه­ای و سالیسیلیک اسید نیم میلی‌مولار به بیشترین مقدار رسید. بیشترین وزن خشک بوته و اندام­های برگ و ساقه به ترتیب به میزان 2/18، 8 و 6/6 گرم در 100 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه­ای و محلول‌پاشی نیم میلی‌مولار سالیسیلیک اسید مشاهده شد. عملکرد اسانس در اثر تنش کم‌آبی کاهش پیدا کرد و بیشترین عملکرد اسانس در 100 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه­ای و کاربرد سالیسیلیک اسید نیم میلی‌مولار به‌دست آمد. با توجه به نتایج حاصل گیاه دارویی کاکوتی کوهی برای داشتن بیشترین عملکرد مورفولوژیکی نیاز به آبیاری کامل و محلول‌پاشی نیم میلی‌مولار سالیسیلیک اسید دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of salicylic acid application on quantitative and qualitative features of ‎Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. under water deficit stress condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Heidarzadeh 1
  • Vahideh Nazeri 2
  • Leila Tabrizi 3
1 Former M.Sc. Student, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, ‎Iran
2 Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study the effects of water deficit stress and salicylic acid application on morphological and physiological characteristic of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. a factorial experiment based on a complete randomized block design with four water deficit stress levels (100%, 75%, 50% and 30% FC) and three levels of salicylic acid (0, 0.5 and 1 mM) in three replications was performed in greenhouse condition. Water deficit stress decreased plant, leaf and stem dry weight, leaf area, chlorophyll a, b and total chlorophyll content, carotenoids content and essential oil yield, while these traits increased by application of SA. Total phenol content was increased by water deficit stress and SA application. The highest level of plant (18.2g), leaf (6.6g), and stem (8g) dry weight were observed in 100% FC with 0.5 mM SA. Essential oil yield was decreased by water deficit stress and the highest level of this character was obtained in 100% FC with 0.5 mM SA application. According to the obtained results, Z. clinopodioides needs to irrigate at field capacity along with  0.5 mM SA in order to reach to the highest growth and chemical yields.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Essential oil yield
  • morphological
  • Salicylic Acid
  • water stress
  • Ziziphora clinopodioides
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