برآورد سازگاری برخی رقم‌ها و ژنوتیپ‌های زیتون در شرایط اقلیمی طارم با استفاده از روش‌های ‏ناپارامتری آماری ‏

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بین‌المللی امام خمینی(ره)، قزوین، ایران

2 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بین‌المللی امام خمینی(ره)، قزوین، ایران

3 دانشیار پژوهشی، پژوهشکده میوه‌های معتدله و سردسیری، مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم باغبانی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج ‏کشاورزی، کرج، ایران

چکیده

بررسی اثرات متقابل ژنوتیپ× محیط و تجمیع برآیند پارامترهای پایداری از مشکلات اساسی در تصمیم‌گیر‌های پژوهشگران اصلاح‌نباتات است. هدف این تحقیق، بررسی پایداری و ارائه راه‌کار برای ادغام پارامترهای پایداری با استفاده از روش‌های ناپارامتری می‌باشد. به این منظور صد ژنوتیپ و رقم زیتون گردآوری شده از سراسر ایران، در اقلیم طارم، در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال 1385 کاشته شده و طی شش سال باغی از سال 1391 تا 1396 مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. جهت مطالعه اثرات متقابل ژنوتیپ و محیط از چهار روش دی‌کرون/ واندرلان، بریدنکامپ، هیلدبراند و کوبینگر و برای تعیین سازگاری از روش‌های ناپارامتری نصار و هان و تنارازو استفاده گردید. تجمع برآیند اثر هر معیار پایداری و عملکرد با استفاده از روش "شاخص انتخاب ژنوتیپ ایده‌آل تعدیل‌یافته" (ASIIG)  و پلات منتج، انجام گرفت. بر این اساس رقم‌های کرونیکی و کنسروالیا رقم‌های مطلوب، برای معیارهای پایداری و عملکرد و ژنوتیپ‌های QG12، BN8  و BASH در رتبه آخر از نظر پایداری و عملکرد قرار گرفتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Estimation of compatibility of some olive cultivars and genotypes in Tarom climate ‎conditions using non-parametric methods ‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Abbas Taghizadeh 1
  • Roghayeh Aminian dehkordi 2
  • Ali asghar Zeinanloo 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Temperate and Cold Fruits Research Institute (TCFRI), Horticulture Science Research Institute, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

Investigation of the interactions of genotype× environment and integration of the effects of adaptation parameters are major problems in the decisions of plant breeding researchers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adaptation and provide a strategy for the integration of sustainability parameters using non-parametric methods. For this purpose, one hundred genotypes and olive cultivars collected from all over Iran, in Tarom climate, were planted in the form of a randomized complete block design with three replications in 2006 and studied during six crop years from 2011 to 2016. To study the interaction effects of genotype and environment, four methods of De Kroon/Van der Laan, Bredenkamp, Hildebrand and Kubinger were used and to determine the compatibility, nonparametric methods of Nassar & Huhn and Thennarasu were used. The effects of stability and yield criteria were carried using the "adjusted of Selection Index of Ideal Genotype" (ASIIG) and the resulting plot. Accordingly, Koroneiki and Conservalia cultivars were the best cultivars for stability and yield index and QG12, BN8 and BASH genotypes were ranked last in terms of stability and yield.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anti-ideal genotype
  • interaction of genotype and environment
  • ideal genotype
  • Nassar and Huhn statistics
  • ‎Thennarasu statistics
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