برهم‌کنش اسید‌جیبرلیک و سولفات پتاسیم بر محتوای قند و ماده خشک، رسوراترول و ظرفیت ‏آنتی‌اکسیدانی حبه‌های انگور

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ملایر

2 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ملایر

چکیده

در این پژوهش، اثر کاربرد برگی سولفات­پتاسیم (صفر، 1500 و3000 میلی­گرم در لیتر) در ترکیب با اسید جیبرلیک (صفر، 30، 60 و 90 میلی‌گرم در لیتر) بر عملکرد و اجزای آن و شاخص­های کیفی و آنتی‌اکسیدانی میوه انگور رقم بیدانه­سفید بررسی شد. پژوهش به صورت آزمایش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در یک تاکستان واقع در شهرستان ملایر اجرا شد. تیمار محلول‌پاشی در سه مرحله شامل یک هفته قبل ­از ­گلدهی، دو و چهار هفته بعد از گلدهی اجرا شد. براساس نتایج بیشترین میزان مواد جامد محلول و محتوای آنتوسیانین، اسید آسکوربیک و ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی حبه­ها مربوط تاک‌های تیمارشده با غلظت 3000 میلی­گرم در لیتر سولفات­پتاسیم در ترکیب با غلظت 30 میلی­گرم در لیتر اسید­جیبرلیک بود. بیشترین میزان فنول ­و فلاونوئید­کل حبه­ها به ترتیب مربوط به تاک‌های تیمارشده با  غلظت 3000 میلی‌گرم سولفات پتاسیم در ترکیب 60 میلی­گرم در لیتر و 90 میلی­گرم در لیتر اسید­جیبرلیک بود. همچنین بیشترین محتوای ساکاروز و گلوکز مربوط به میوه­ تاک‌های تیمارشده با سطح سوم سولفات­پتاسیم در ترکیب با سطح دوم اسیدجیبرلیک بود. کاربرد برگی سولفات­پتاسیم منجر به افزایش رسوراترول و وینیفرین در تاک‌های تیمارشده با اسیدجیبرلیک شد. همچنین بیشترین فعالیت آنزیم‌های کاتالاز، گایاکول­پراکسیداز و آسکوربات­پراکسیداز در تاک‌های تیمارشده با غلظت 90 میلی­گرم در لیتر اسیدجیبرلیک در ترکیب با غلظت 3000 میلی­گرم در لیتر سولفات‌پتاسیم مشاهده شد. در مجموع کاربرد برگی 3000 میلی­گرم در لیتر سولفات­پتاسیم به‌ویژه در ترکیب با سطوح متوسط اسیدجیبرلیک ضمن بهبود عملکرد و تجمع ماده خشک بیشتر منجر به افزایش قند و ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی حبه­ها شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Interaction effect of gibberellic acid and potassium sulfate on soluble sugars and ‎dry matter, resveratrol content and antioxidant capacity of grape berries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rouhollah Karimi 1
  • Saeid Zareei 2
1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
2 Former M. Sc. Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this research, the effect of foliar application of potassium sulfate (0, 1500 and 3000 mg/l) and gibberellic acid (0, 30, 60 and 90 mg/l) on yield and its components and qualitative and antioxidant capacity of ‘Bidaneh Sefid’ grapevine were investigated. This study was conducted factorially based on randomized complete block design in a vineyard at Malayer town. Vines were sprayed during three stages including of a week before bloom, two and four weeks after bloom. Based on results, the content of berry TSS, anthocyanin, ascorbic acid and antioxidant capacity was found to be highest in K2SO4 at 3000 mg/L in combination with GA3 at 30 ppm treatment. Also, the highest berry total phenol and flavonoid content were related to 3000 mg/L K2SO4 treated- vines in combined to GA3 at 60 and 90 mg/l, respectively. Moreover, the highest berry sucrose and glucose content were related to those vines treated with 3th levels of K2SO4 and 2th levels of GA3 combination treatment. Foliar application of K2SO4 improved berry resveratrol and viniferin concentration in GA3-treated vines and berry stilbenes increased with increased K2SO4 doses. The highest activity of catalase, guaiacol peroxidase and ascorbate peroxidase antioxidant enzymes were observed in vines treated with K2SO4 at 3000 mg/l in combination with GA3 at 90 mg/l. Totally, foliar application of K2SO4 especially at 3000 mg/l in combination with moderate doses of GA3 improved the yield, accumulated dry matter, increased the sugar content and the antioxidant capacity of the grape berries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Gibberellins
  • glucose
  • grape
  • Nutrition
  • potassium
  • stilbenes‎
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