اثرات تیمار قارچ میکوریزا بر رشد و جذب برخی از عناصر غذایی انگور دیم رقم رشه تحت شرایط ‏تنش کم آبیاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار پژوهشی، بخش تحقیقات باغبانی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی آذربایجان‌غربی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ‏ترویج کشاورزی، ارومیه، ایران

2 مربی، بخش تحقیقات آب و خاک، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی آذربایجان‌غربی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج ‏کشاورزی، ارومیه، ایران

3 استادیار پژوهشی، بخش تحقیقات فنی و مهندسی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی آذربایجان‌غربی، سازمان تحقیقات، ‏آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

به‏‌‏منظور تعیین اثر تلقیح ریشه انگور رقم رشه با سه گونه قارچ مایکوریزا (Glomus versiforme،Glomus etunicatum و Glomus intraradices) بر رشد رویشی شاخه، مقدار عناصر پر مصرف برگ، مقدار کلروفیل، دمای برگ، محتوای نسبی آب برگ، قندهای محلول و علایم خشکیدگی تحت تنش کم آبیاری (35، 55 و 75 درصد نیاز آبی)، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در چهار تکرار در ایستگاه تحقیقات باغبانی کهریز ارومیه اجرا شد. نتایج نشان داد با افزایش سطح کم آبیاری رشد شاخه کاهش یافت و تلقیح با قارچ میکوریزا نتوانست تأثیر مثبتی بر این صفت در مقایسه با شاهد داشته باشد. مقدار دمای برگ، علایم خشکیدگی در برگ بوته­های تلقیح شده با قارچ گونه G. versiforme تحت شرایط کم آبیاری 35 درصد نیاز آبی کمتر از قارچ‌های دیگر بود. همچنین میزان محتوی نسبی آب برگ در بوته­های دارای این قارچ در کلیه سطوح کم آبیاری در حد بالایی باقی ماند. با افزایش سطح کم آبیاری مقدار قند محلول در تنش کم آبیاری 55 درصد ابتدا کاهش و سپس در کم آبیاری 35 درصد افزایش پیدا کرد. در بین عناصر غذایی نیز بیشترین مقدار فسفر برگ (14/0 درصد) در بوته‌های دارای قارچ گونه G. versiforme ثبت شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus treatments on growth and some nutrient ‎elements uptake of grapevine cv ‘Rasha’ (Vitis vinifera L.) under deficit irrigation ‎stress condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamed Doulati Baneh 1
  • Farokh Ghanishayeste 2
  • Amir Nourjou 3
1 Associate Professor, Horticulture Crops Research Department, West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and ‎Education Center, AREEO, Urmia, Iran ‎
2 Instrcutor, Soil and Water Research Department, West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education ‎Center, AREEO, Urmia, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Agricultural Engineering Research Department, West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research ‎and Education Center, AREEO, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

To determaine th effect of root inoculation of Rasha grape cultivar with three species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus(G.versiforme, G. etunicatum, G. intraradices) on shoot growth, macro nutrient elements, chlorophyll content, leaf temperature, RWC, soluble sugars and drought symptoms rate under deficiet irrigation condition (75%, 50% and 35% water requirment) a factorial experiment based on RBCD was conducted in Kahriz Horticultural Research Station, Urmia, Iran. Results showed that increasing deficiet irrigation level, reduced shoot growthand fungus inoculation did not have a posetive effect on this trait in comparision with control. Leaf temperature and dry symptoms on leaves was lowest in vines that inoculated with G. versiforme under 35% deficiet irrigation condition. Leaves of vines with this fungus showed the high RWCin all stress tretments, too. By increasing deficiet irrigation level, soluble sugars were decreased in 55% water requirement and then increased in 35% water requirement. Among macro nutrient elements, the highest amount of P (0.14%) was measured in leaves of vines inoculated by G. versiforme

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Drought
  • Grapevine
  • root
  • RWC
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