مقایسه‎ ‎خصوصیات‎ ‎کمی‎ ‎وکیفی‎ ‎ژنوتیپ‎ ‎امیدبخش‎ ‎مشهد-86‏‎ ‎با‎ ‎برخی‎ ‎رقم‌های‎ ‎زودرس‎ ‎گیلاس

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، بخش تحقیقات علوم زراعی و باغی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خراسان رضوی، سازمان ‏تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری،‌ دانشگاه‌آزاد ‌اسلامی،‌ واحد‎ ‎‏‌بجنورد، خراسان شمالی،‌ ایران

3 کارشناس مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خراسان رضوی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ‏مشهد، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور مطالعه خصوصیات کمی وکیفی رقم‌ها و ژنوتیپ های زودرس گیلاس (عدلی، دلامارکا، پیش­رس، سیاه قزوین، ژنوتیپ مشهد-84 و ژنوتیپ مشهد-86) آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خراسان رضوی انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد شروع گلدهی ژنوتیپ امیدبخش مشهد-86 در مقایسه با سایر رقم‌های که یک هفته زودتر (هفته اول فروردین) بود و میوه­ی آن در دهه سوم اردیبهشت‌ماه آماده برداشت بود. متوسط وزن میوه ژنوتیپ امیدبخش مشهد- 86 (26/6 گرم) در مقایسه با عدلی (9/4 گرم)، سیاه قزوین (7/3 گرم)، پیش­رس (26/4 گرم)، دلامارکا (8/3 گرم) و مشهد-84 (06/6 گرم) بالاتر بود. رقم پیش‌رس (73/19 درصد) و ژنوتیپ امیدبخش مشهد-86 (16/18 درصد) از بیشترین مواد جامد محلول برخوردار بودند. بیشترین و کمترین میزان عملکرد به‌‏‌‏ترتیب متعلق به رقم پیش‌رس با میانگین 21 کیلوگرم در هر درخت و سیاه قزوین با میانگین 12کیلوگرم در هر درخت بود. رقم‌های زودرس به‌دلیل فصل رشد کوتاه معمولاً اندازه میوه، کوچک­تر داشتند. ژنوتیپ امیدبخش مشهد- 86 با متوسط وزن میوه و درصد مواد جامد محلول بالاتر، دارای ارزش اقتصادی و بازارپسندی بیشتربود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of promising Mashhad-86 ‎genotype with some of earlyripening sweet cherry cultivars

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ebrahim Ganji Moghadam 1
  • Arezoo Jalali 2
  • abolfazl irvani 3
  • sima bina 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Crop and Horticulture Science Research, Khorasan Razavi, Agricultural and Natural Resources ‎Research and Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad, Iran
2 Ph.D. Candidate, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd Branch, Bojnourd, North Khorasan, Iran
3 Expert, Department of Crop and Horticulture Science Research, Khorasan Razavi, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research ‎and Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study quantitative and qualitative traits of early ripening sweet cherries cultivars and genotypes, an experiment carried out based on a completely randomized blocks design (RCBD) in Agricultural and Natural Resource Research Center of Khorasan Razavi. The results showed that flowering of promising Mashhad-86 started one week earlier (the first week of April) compare to other cultivars and fruit ripened in the third decade of May. Mean fruit weight of promising Mashhad-86 (6.26 g) was higher than Adli (4.9 g),Siah Qazvin (3.7 g), Pish Ras(4.26 g), DellaMarca (3.8 g) and Mashhad-84 (6.06 g). PishRas and promising Mashhad-86 had the highest total soluble solids with 19.73% and 18.16%, respectively. The highest and lowest yield be longed to Pish Ras (21 kg per tree) and Siah Qazvin (12 kg per tree), respectively. Early ripening cultivars, due to the short growing season, had smaller fruit size. Promising Mashhad-86 genotype with higher mean fruit weight and percentage of soluble solids had higher economic value and marketability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • fruit weight
  • ripening time
  • total soluble solids
  • yield
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