تأثیر همزیستی قارچ‌ مایکوریزا آربسکولار بر برخی شاخص‌های کیفی و فیزیولوژیکی گل لیزیانتوس ‏گلدانی (‏Eustoma grandiflorum ‘Matador Blue’‎‏)‏

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل


1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، ‌ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، ‌ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، ‌ایران


این آزمایش به‌منظور بررسی اثر همزیستی سه گونه قارچ مایکوریزا (Glomus intraradices, Glomus mosseae, Glomus howei) بر ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎی رﺷﺪ و کیفیت گل لیزیانتوس (Eustoma grandiflorum) پاکوتاه اجرا شد. آزمایش به‏‌‏صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه عامل مایکوریز، غلظت و بستر کشت در سه تکرار اجرا شد. نتایج نشان داد مایکوریزا باعث افزایش وزن تر و خشک اندام هوایی و ریشه، ارتفاع گیاه و تعداد غنچه شد. محتوای کلروفیل و نیتروژن نیز با افزایش میزان قارچ‌ریشه‌ها نسبت به شاهد افزایش معنی‌داری داشت. به طور کلی کاربرد مایکوریزا توانست غلظت فسفر و نیتروژن را در برگ گیاهان لیزیانتوس گلدانی افزیش دهد. بر اساس نتایج تلقیح بستر کاشت با قارچ‌های مایکوریزا می‌تواند به‌طور قابل‌توجهی وضعیت تغذیه‌ای گیاه گلدانی لیزیانتوس را بهبود بخشد و همچنین باعث بهبود شاخص‌های رویشی و زایشی شود.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of symbiosis of several mycorrhiza arbuscular fungi species on some quality ‎and physiological indices of potted lisianthus flower ‎(Eustoma grandiflorum ‘Matador Blue’)‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Iman Farrokhvand 1
  • Saeed Reezi 2
  • Rahim Barzegar 2
  • Masoud Fattahi 3
1 Former M. Sc. Student, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Iran
3 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Iran
چکیده [English]

This experiment established to investigate the effect of symbiosis of three mycorrhizal arbuscular fungi (Glomus intraradices,Glomus mosseae, Glomus howei) on growth and quality of dwarf lisianthus flower (Eustoma grandiflorum ‘Matador Blue’). The experiment carried out as factorial based on completely randomized design with three factors, mycorrhizal arbuscular fungi, concentration and bed culture in three replications. The results showed that mycorrhizal increased fresh and dry weight of aerial parts and roots, and plant height and number of buds. Chlorophyll concentration and nitrogen content also increased significantly with increasing mycorrhiza content compared to control. Generally, mycorrhiza application increased P and N content in pot lisianthus leaves. According to the results, incubation of medium with mycorrhiza significantly could improve the nutritional conditions of pot lisianthus and improve the vegetative and generative traits too.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chlorophyll
  • Elements
  • plug
  • Pot
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