ارزیابی پارامترهای بیوشیمیایی و فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی ریحان (‏Ocimum basilicum L.‎‏) در واکنش ‏به اسید فولویک و کود کامل (‏NPK‏)‏

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بیرجند ‏

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بیرجند ‏

3 دانشیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بیرجند ‏

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی تأثیر اسید فولویک و کود کامل NPK بر فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی و صفات بیوشیمیایی و عملکرد ریحان، آزمایشی به‏‌‏صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی اجرا شد. نتایج نشان داد بیشترین آنتوسیانین (71/1میلی‌گرم برگرم وزن خشک) با کاربرد کود کامل NPK با غلظت 6 در هزار و کمترین (43/1 میلی‌گرم برگرم وزن خشک) در تیمار شاهد به‏‌‏دست آمد. بیشترین فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی (6/78 درصد) از تیمار 5 کیلوگرم در هکتار اسیدفولویک و کمترین آن (6/70 درصد) در تیمار شاهد (عدم کوددهیاسید فولویک و کود کامل (NPK) به‏‌‏دست آمد. همچنین بیشترین آنتوسیانین (74/1 میلی‌گرم برگرم وزن تر)، کلروفیلb (52/1 میلی‌گرم برگرم وزن تر) و کلروفیل کل (99/2 میلی‌گرم برگرم وزن تر) با کاربرد کود کاملNPK با غلظت 3 در هزار و اسید فولویک 10کیلوگرم در هکتار به‏‌‏دست آمد. همچنین نتایج نشان داد بیشترین عملکرد بیولوژیک (29/2 کیلوگرم در مترمربع) و وزن خشک بوته (8/483 گرم در متر مربع)، در تیمار مصرف همزمان 6 در هزارکود کامل و10 کیلوگرم در هکتار اسید فولویک و کمترین آنها (44/1کیلوگرم در متر مربع و 5/259 گرم در متر مربع)، در شاهد(عدم کوددهیاسید فولویک و کود کامل (NPK)‌ مشاهده شد.به‌طور‌کلی، نتایج بیانگر تأثیر مثبت کود کامل و اسید فولویک بر عملکرد و صفات بیوشیمیایی ریحان بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of biochemical parameters and antioxidant activity of basil (Ocimum ‎basilicum L.) in response to fulvic acid and fertilizer (NPK)‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammed Hossein Aminifard 1
  • Mahboobeh Askarian 2
  • Mehdi Khayyat 1
  • Mehdi Jahani 3
1 Assistant Professor, College of Agriculture, University of Birjand, Iran
2 M. Sc. Student, College of Agriculture, University of Birjand, Iran
3 Associate Professor, College of Agriculture, University of Birjand, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to determine the effect of fulvic acid and NPK fertilizer on antioxidant activity, biochemical parameters and yield of basil, an experiment was conducted as factorial arrangement based on randomized complete block design. The results showed that the highest of anthocyanin (21.1 mg/g dry weight) with application of 3 per thousand of NPK fertilizer and the lowest anthocyanin (0.95 mg/g dry weight) were obtained from control treatment. The highest antioxidant activity (76.6%) was obtained from 5 kg/ ha fulvic acid and its lowest (70.6%) were obtained from control treatment(no fertilizerfulvic acid and NPK fertilizer). Also the highest anthocyanin (1.74 mg/g dry weight), chlorophyll b (1.52 mg/g fresh weight) and total chlorophyll (2.99 mg/g fresh weight) were obtained by application of 3 per thousand of NPK fertilizer and 10 kg ha-1 fulvic acid. Also result showed that the highest biological yield (22955 kg.ha-1)  and plant dry weight (483.8 gm-2) were obtained from treatment of 6 per thousand of NPK fertilizer and 10 kg ha-1 fulvic acid and the lowest amounts (14418 kg ha-1 and 259.5 gm-2) from control treatment (no fertilizerfulvic acid and NPK fertilizer(

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Basil
  • dry weight
  • medicinal plant‎
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