مقایسه صفات رویشی نارنگی انشوی میاگاوا روی 6 پایه مختلف در شرق مازندران

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسنده

استادیار بخش تحقیقات گیاهان زراعی و باغی مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی مازندران، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ساری، ایران

چکیده

تأثیر شش پایه مختلف (سوینگل‌سیتروملو؛ ترویرسیترنج؛ کاریزوسیترنج؛ سیترنج C-35؛ اسموت‌فلت‌سویل و گوتو) بر صفات رویشی نارنگی انشوی پیش‌رس میاگاوا طی 8 سال (1396-1389) مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. آزمایش در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار و چهار درخت در هر تکرار در ایستگاه تحقیقات باغبانی قائم‌شهر انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که در پایان فاز رویشی (سال سوم)، درختان با پایه گوتو کمترین ارتفاع و حجم تاج را داشتند اما در سه سال پایانی، کمترین ارتفاع و حجم تاج به درختان با پایه C-35 اختصاص یافت. در مقابل درختان با پایه سوینگل‌سیتروملو بیشترین حجم تاج را داشتند. همچنین بیشترین محیط و سطح مقطع پایه از ‌سوینگل‌سیتروملو و بیشترین محیط و سطح مقطع پیوندک از اسموت‌فلت‌سویل حاصل شد. نتایج تجانس پایه و پیوندک نیز نشان داد که این نسبت برای اسموت‌فلت‌سویل بیشتر از عدد یک، برای سیترنج‌ها، حدود یک و در سیتروملو و گوتو کمتر از یک بود. به طور کلی نتایج نشان داد که سطح مقطع پایه‌ها با حجم تاج و محیط تنه پیوندک با ارتفاع و همچنین عرض تاج بیشترین همبستگی را دارند بنابراین می‌توانند برای تخمین حجم تاج استفاده شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Vegetative characteristics of Miyagawa Satsuma mandarin on six different rootstocks in East of Mazandaran

نویسنده [English]

  • Negin Akhlaghi Amiri
Assistant Professor of Horticulture Crops Research Department, Mazandaran Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Vegetative reactions of six citrus different rootstocks (Swingle citromelo; Troyer citrange; Carizo citrange, C-35; Smooth flat sevill and Gou tou) and their effect on early mature Miyagawa Satsuma mandarin was evaluated during 8 years (2010-2017). Experiment was done in randomized complete block design with 4 replications and 4 trees in each replication. Results showed that after vegetative phase (third year) trees on Gou tou had the least canopy volume and height but in the last three years, trees on C-35 had minimum volume and height. In contrast, trees on Swingle citromelo rootstock had the most canopy volume. The most rootstock trunk cross-sectional area (TCSA) and girth was related to Swingle citromelo and the most mandarin trunk girth and TCSA was on Smooth flat sevill. Results of rootstock and scion affinity showed that in Smooth flat sevill it was more than 1, in citranges it was about 1 and in Swingle and Gou tou it was less than 1. Rootstock TCSA had the most correlation with canopy volume and scion trunk girth had the most correlation with canopy height and width; so these can be used to estimate the canopy volume.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Affinity
  • canopy volume
  • citrus
  • trunk cross-sectional area
  • trunk girth
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