تأثیر کودهای آلی و قارچ مایکوریزا بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیکی، عملکرد سرشاخه و موسیلاژ گاوزبان (Borago officinalis)

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج، ایران

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی تأثیر سطوح مختلف ورمی­کمپوست، کمپوست گرانوله و قارچ مایکوریزا بر برخی صفات کمی و کیفی گیاه دارویی گاوزبان آلمانی، آزمایشی به­صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. عامل­های آزمایش شامل کودهای آلی در 5 سطح (صفر، 5 و 10 تن در هکتار ورمی‌کمپوست، 3 و 6 تن در هکتار کمپوست گرانوله) و قارچ مایکوریزا در دو سطح (بدون کاربرد و کاربرد گونه Glomus mosseae) بودند. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین عملکرد سرشاخه گل­دار و شاخص سطح برگ، مربوط به تیمار 10 تن در هکتار ورمی­کمپوست به­همراه مایکوریزا بود. همچنین بالاترین تعداد شاخه در بوته، درصد موسیلاژ، ارتفاع بوته و وزن هزاردانه در تیمار 10 تن در هکتار ورمی­کمپوست مشاهده شد. نتایج حاصل از این آزمایش نشان داد که استفاده از کودهای آلی و مایکوریزا می­تواند باعث افزایش شاخص سطح برگ، ­ارتفاع گیاه، وزن هزاردانه، بهبود عملکرد سرشاخه گل­دار، عملکرد زیستی و درصد موسیلاژ در گیاه گاوزبان آلمانی شود؛ در نتیجه می‌توان با استفاده بهینه از نهاده‌های آلی و زیستی نسبت به تولید سالم گیاه گاوزبان اقدام نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of organic fertilizer and mycorrhizal fungus on morphological characteristics, shoot biomass and mucilage of borage (Borago officinalis)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Shahbazi 1
  • Amin Salehi 2
  • Mohsen Movahedi Dehnavi 2
  • Hooshang Farajee 2
1 Former M. Sc. Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj University, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj University, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study the effect of vermicompost, granular compost and mycorrhizal fungus on some quantitative and qualitative characteristics of borage, a factorial experiment based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications was conducted. Experimental treatments consisted of five levels of organic fertilization (zero, 5 and 10 tons per hectare vermicompost, 3 and 6 tons per hectare granular compost) and two levels of mycorrhizal fungi (no application and application of Gluomus mossae species). Results indicated that the highest yield of flowering shoot and LAI was obtained from the application of 10 tons per hectare vermicompost + mycorrhizal fungus. Also the highest baranch number per plant, height, 1000 seed weight and Musilage, belonged to the treatment of 10 tons per hectare vermicompost. Overal, results of this experiment showed that using of vermicompost and mycorrhiza can increase the LAI, height, 1000 seed weight, yield of flowering shoot, biological yield and mucilage percentage in borage. Therefore, the optimum organic and biologic inputs can be used to produce healthy borage plant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Borage
  • mycorrhizal
  • Mucilage
  • vermicompost
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