ارزیابی نتاج حاصل از تلاقی لاین‌های منتخب خیار با هیبرید تجاری نگین

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان

چکیده

پارتنوکارپی توانایی تولید میوه بدون تلقیح است که حاصل بر­هم­کنش ژنتیک و عوامل فیزیولوژیکی است. در طی تحقیقات پیشین، لاین‌های مطلوب خیار (Cucumis sativus L.) با ترکیب­پذیری عمومی مطلوب و هیبرید­های برتر با هتروزیس بالا که ترکیب والدینی آنها، ترکیب‌پذیری خصوصی بالایی داشتند شناسایی شدند. در این بررسی امکان تلاقی آن­ لاین‌ها با هیبرید­های تجاری رایج ایران و بررسی نتاج آنها با هدف بهبود صفت پارتنوکارپی و ماده­گلی صورت گرفت. والد تجاری مورد استفاده در این تلاقی هیبرید تجاری نگین بود. لاین‌های مورد استفاده در این تلاقی نیز A10، B10و B12بودند. نتایج نشان داد که نتاج حاصل از تلاقی هیبرید تجاری نگین و لاین B12­، دارای بیشترین تعداد میوه­های پارتنوکارپ بودند. کمترین تعداد گل نر در نتاج حاصل از تلاقی هیبرید نگین و لاین A10 مشاهده شد. نتاج حاصل از تلاقی هیبرید نگین با لاین A10، کمترین ساقه­های فرعی را داشتند. نتاج حاصل از تلاقی هیبرید نگین با لاین‌های B12، A10 دارای بیشترین درصد میوه­های پارتنوکارپ بودند و کمترین درصد میوه­های پارتنوکارپ در نتاج حاصل از تلاقی کولتیوار هیبرید نگین با لاین B10­دیده شد. بیشترین درصد گل­های ماده در نتاج حاصل از تلاقی هیبرید نگین و لاینB10 دیده شد و کمترین درصد گل­های ماده در نتاج حاصل از تلاقی هیبرید نگین با لاین B12دیده شد. امید می­رود در تحقیقات بعدی، با انجام تلاقی‌های برگشتی، برترین نتاج به­دست آمده از این تحقیق با لاین‌های منتخب، بتوان به لاین‌هایی مشابه لاین‌های منتخب با دارا بودن صفت پارتنوکارپی دست یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The evaluation of cross progeny between Elite lines and commercial hybrid ‘Negeen’

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Setamdideh Moslemi 1
  • Jamalali Olfati 2
  • Yousef Hamidoghli 2
1 M. Sc. Student, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agricultural Science, Guilan University, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agricultural Science, Guilan University, Iran
چکیده [English]

The development of fruits without fertilization called parthenocarpy. Interacting genetic and physiological factors can affect parthenocarpy. In previous research superior lines of cucumber with high general combining ability which able to produce superior hybrids with high heterosis released but the lines have no enough parthenocarpic fruits. In this study, the possibility of crossing elite lines with commercial hyrid cv. Negeen studied and their progeny evaluated. Commercial cultivar 'Negeen' used as donor parent. Experiment conducted in complete randomized block design with three replication and characteristics including the number of parthenocarpic fruits, number of male flowers, number of lateral branches, percentage of parthenocarpic fruits, percentage of male flowers evaluated. Results showed that progeny of commercial cultivar 'Negeen' with B10 had the maximum number of parthenocarpic fruits. The minimum number of male flowers related to the progeny of commercial cultivar 'Negeen' with A10. The progeny of commercial cultivar 'Negeen' with A10 had the least of lateral branches. The maximum and minimum percentage of parthenocarpic fruits related to the progeny of commercial cultivar 'Negeen' with B12 and A10 and the progeny of commercial cultivar 'Negeen' with B10 respectively. Maximum and minimum percentage of female flower related to the progeny of commercial cultivar 'Negeen' with B10 and B12 respectively. According to these result it is possible to release recombinant inbred lines similar to elite lines with parthenocarpic in future.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Gynociousy
  • pollination
  • progeny evaluation
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