تأثیر غلظت درشت‌مغذی‌ها ‌بر صفات کمی و کیفی گل شاخه‌بریده سوسن (Lilium LA Hybrid Fangio) در شرایط کشت بدون خاک

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق دکتری، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت

2 استاد، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت

3 استادیار، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت

4 دانشیار، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت

چکیده

این آزمایش به منظور بررسی اثر چهار غلظت از درشت مغذیها بر رشد و عملکرد صفات کمی و کیفی گل شاخه بریده سوسن (Lilium LA Hybrid Fangio) در کشت بدون خاک و در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار تیمار درشت مغذیها، چهار تکرار و ده گلدان در هر تکرار در گلخانه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه گیلان انجام شد. گیاهان با چهار تیمار درشت مغذی (S1، S2، S3 و S4 به ترتیب بیشترین تا کمترین غلظت درشت مغذیها) بر اساس محلول غذایی کوئیک (تغییر یافته) و با غلظت‌های متفاوت نمک‌های نیترات پتاسیم، دی‌پتاسیم هیدروژن فسفات، پتاسیم دیهیدروژن فسفات ، نیترات کلسیم، نیترات آمونیوم، کلرید کلسیم و سولفات منیزیم میلی‌گرم در لیتر محلول آبیاری تغذیه شدند. تمامی محلول‌های غذایی حاوی مقادیر مشابهی از عناصر معدنی میکرو بودند. نتایج داده‌ها نشان داد بین تیمارها از نظر عرض برگ، وزن پیاز دختری، کلروفیل کل برگ، آنتوسیانین گلبرگ، پروتئین گلبرگ و مقدار عناصر نیتروژن، پتاسیم، فسفر و منیزیم موجود در برگ در سطح احتمال 1 درصد و طول غنچه گل، طول برگ و تعداد برگ در سطح احتمال 5 درصد اختلاف معنی‌داری وجود داشت. درحالیکه در صفاتی مانند ارتفاع گیاه، تعداد گل، تعداد روز تا گلدهی، تولید تعداد پیازچه‌های دختری، مقدار پرولین، نشت یونی، مقدار آب نسبی برگ و پراکسیده شدن لیپیدها اختلاف، معنی‌دار نبود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of macro elements concentration on quantitative and qualitative traits of lily cut flower (Lilium LA Hybrid Fangio) in soilless culture

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Sadat Nabavi Mohajer 1
  • Moazzam HassanpourAsil 2
  • Jamal-Ali Olfati 3
  • Mohammad Reza Khaledian 4
1 Former Ph.D. Student, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Univercity of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2 Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Univercity of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Univercity of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Univercity of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of four types of nutrient solutions on growth, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Lilium cut flower (Lilium LA Hybrid Fangio) in soilless culture in a completely randomized design with four treatments, four replications with 10 pots per replicate in the research greenhouse of the University of Guilan. Plants with four treatments of macro elements(S1, S2, S3 and S4 highest to lowest macro elements,respectivly) were arranged on the base of modified Quick nutrient solution with different salts including potassium nitrate, di potassium hydrogen phosphate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, calcium nitrate, ammonium nitrate, calcium chloride and Magnesium sulfate mg/L. All macro elementscontained similar amounts of micro-elements. Results showed that there were significant difference between different treatments of macro elements for length of bud, leaf length and width, number of leaves, daughter bulb weight, total chlorophyll content of leaf, anthocyanin and petal protein, leaf nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium. Also, significant difference was not observed for traits such as plant height, number of flowers, number of days to flowering, number of daughter bulb, proline content, ion leakage, leaf relative water content and lipid peroxidation in leaf. Results of mean comparison of data showed that S1 treatment, had the highest concentrations of macro elements, had a positive effect on vegetative characteristics such as length of largest flower bud, leaf length and width, leaf number and weight of daughter bulb as well as biochemical parameters like anthocyanin and protein in petal, chlorophyll in leaf, and concentration of mineral elements of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium in the leaf of lily cut flower in soilless culture conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Leaf chlorophyll
  • leaf number
  • Nutrient Solution
  • petal anthocyanin
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