اثر فیلم‌های بسته‌بندی مختلف بر قابلیت نگهداری و خصوصیات کیفی قارچ دکمه‌ای (Agaricus bisporus)

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل


1 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

2 دانشجوی سابق دکتری فیزیولوژی تولید و پس از برداشت گیاهان باغبانی، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشگاه گیلان


بسته­بندی صحیح و مدت زمان مناسب جهت انبارداری از جمله عوامل مهم و تاثیرگذار در حفظ سلامت و کیفیت، کاهش ضایعات، صرفه‌جویی در هزینه­ها و بازارپسندی عمومی محصولاتی نظیر قارچ دکمه‌ای هستند.تحقیق حاضر به­منظور بررسی اثر فیلم بسته­بندی (بدون پوشش، پلی­وینیل­کلراید (سلفون)، پلی­اتیلن با ضخامت 14، 20، 27 و 38 میکرون، پلاستیک جاذب اتیلن و پلاستیک معمولی) و زمان انبارداری (0، 7، 14 و 21 روز)، بر قابلیت نگهداری و خصوصیات کیفی قارچ دکمه­ای در دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان در سال1394 انجام شد. نتایج به­دست آمده نشان داد که اثر فیلم بسته­بندی، زمان انبارداری و اثر متقابل فیلم و زمان بر خصوصیات فیزیکوشیمیایی و بیوشیمیایی قارچ دکمه­ای در سطح 1% معنی­دار بود. به­طورکلی فیلم پلی­اتیلن با ضخامت 20 میکرون به­دلیل حفظ رطوبت قارچ، مواد جامد محلول بالا، اسید قابل تیتراسیون کم، بالاترین شاخص طعم، بهترین کیفیت ظاهری و بازارپسندی، بالاترین ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدانی و میزان قابل­قبول ترکیبات فنلی، فلاونوئیدی و ویتامین ث تیمار مناسبی جهت بسته­بندی قارچ دکمه­ای بود. با توجه به نتایج به­دست آمده، پوشش متداول پلی­وینیل­کلراید نتایج قابل قبولی ارائه نداد. به­علاوه با در نظر گرفتن پارامترهای مهم کیفی، می­توان قارچ را پس از برداشت، به­مدت 7 تا 14روز با کیفیت مناسب نگهداری نمود. در کل با توجه به اثرات مثبت و موثر فیلم پلی­اتیلنی، می­توان این نوع پوشش را جایگزین بسیار مناسبی برای پوشش پلی­وینیل­کلراید دانست.



عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of different packaging films on storability and qualitative properties of button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Feryal Varasteh 1
  • Sahar Zamani 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of horticultural sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran
2 Former Ph.D. Student of Physiology of production and postharvest of horticultural products, Department of horticultural sciences, University of Guilan, Irn
چکیده [English]

Proper packaging and appropriate storage period are important factors affecting safety and quality, reducing waste, saving costs and overall marketing of products such as button mushrooms. This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of packaging film (uncoated, poly vinyl chloride (cellophane), polyethylene 14, 20, 27 and 38 microns, ethylene-absorbing plastic and conventional plastic) and storage time (0, 7, 14 and 21 days) on the storability and qualitative properties of button mushrooms, in Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, during 2015. The obtained results showed that the effect of packaging film, storage time and the interaction of film and time were significant at 1%. Generally, polyethylene 20 microns due to moisture protection of mushrooms (minimum weight loss), high total soluble solids, low titratable acidity, high flavor index and antioxidant capacity, good appearance and marketable quality, acceptable amount of phenolic compounds, flavonoids and vitamin C, was effective packaging technique. According to the obtained results, conventional coating film, polyvinyl chloride did not provide acceptable results. By considering the important qualitative parameters this product can be stored with good quality for 7 to 14 days after harvesting. Generally, regarding to the positive and efficient effects of polyethylene films, this type of coverage can be a great alternative for polyvinyl chloride film.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Physicochemical
  • polyethylene
  • poly vinyl chloride
  • storage
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