ارزیابی پایداری عملکرد و سایر صفات مهم ژنوتیپ‌های پیاز روز کوتاه در مناطق جنوب ایران با استفاده ازروش گرافیکی GGE biplot

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 یاغبانی

2 سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

3 سازمان تحقیقات آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

4 عضو هیئت‌علمی‌مؤسسه تحقیقات اصلاح و تهیه نهال و بذر

چکیده

پایداری عملکرد و سایر صفات مهم هشت ژنوتیپ­ پیاز روز­کوتاه (پیاز اصلاح­شده بهبهان، توده محلی بهبهان، توده محلی پادوک، توده محلی رامهرمز، توده محلی برازجان، توده محلی ایرانشهر و ارقام تگزاس­ارلی­گرانو و پریماورا) با استفاده ازطرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار در ایستگاه­های تحقیقات کشاورزی بهبهان، میناب و ایرانشهر به­مدت دو سال زراعی (93-1391) مطالعه گردید. برای مطالعه اثر متقابل ژنوتیپ در محیط از روش  GGE biplotاستفاده گردید. ارزیابی عملکرد کل ژنوتیپ­ها به­روش نمودار چند­ضلعی مشخص نمود که هر منطقه به­منزله یک محیط بزرگ تلقی می­شود. در منطقه ایرانشهر رقم پریماورا، در منطقه بهبهان رقم تگزاس­ارلی­گرانو و در منطقه میناب توده محلی برازجان برترین ژنوتیپ­ها بودند. بر خلاف عملکرد کل، از نظر عملکرد قابل­فروش دو منطقه ایرانشهر و میناب، به­دلیل شباهت نتایج در یک محیط کلان قرار گرفتند. نتایج بهبهان با دو منطقه مزبور متفاوت بود و در یک محیط کلان دیگر قرار گرفت. براساس نمودار ایده­آل، ایرانشهر منطقه ­ایده­آل برای پدیده بولتینگ تلقی گردید. برای صفات عملکرد کل و قابل­فروش، بهبهان ایده­آل­ترین محیط شناخته شد. میناب محیط ایده‌آلی برای دوقلویی بود. برای درصد ماده خشک سوخ، بهبهان و ایرانشهر مناطق ایده­آلی تلقی گردیدند. نتایج ارزیابی ژنوتیپ­ها با نمودار محیط متوسط مشخص نمود، بر اساس دو مقوله عملکرد کل و پایداری، رقم تگزاس­ارلی­گرانو برترین ژنوتیپ بود. از نظر عملکرد قابل­فروش، مقاومت به بولتینگ و دوقلویی و پایداری این صفات رقم پریماورا بهترین ژنوتیپ بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Stability of yield and other important characters of short day onion genotypes in south regions of Iran using graphical GGE biplot method

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamed hassanzadeh 2
  • Ali reza parkasi 3
  • Ahmad Mousapour Gorji 4
2 Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization
3 Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization
4 Seed and Plant Improvement Institute
چکیده [English]

Stability of yield and other important characters of eight short day onion genotypes (Behbahan, Padook, Ramhormoz, Iranshahr and Brazjan landraces, Primavera and Texas Early Grano cultivars and  Behbahan bred onion) were studied using a randomized complete block design with four replications at Behbahan, Minab and Iranshahr Agriculture Research Stations for two years (2012-14). Genotype × environment interaction (GEI) was evaluated through GGE biplot. Using polygones for grouping of environments based on total yield showed that each location­ was considered as a mega environment. In Behbahan, Minab and Iranshahr locations, Texas Early Grano, Brazjan landrace and Primavera cultivar produced the highest total yield respectively. In regard to marketable yield two mega environments were identified. The first mega environment contains Minab and Iranshahr, the second mega-environment only contained Behbahan. According to the GGE biplot analysis of the ideal environment, it was concluded that Iranshahr and Minab were closest to the ideal environment for bolting and bulb doubling, respectively. For total and marketable yield Behbahan was closest to the ideal environment. Iranshahr and Behbahan was nearest to ideal environment for bulb dry matter percentage. Evaluation of genotypes through average environment coordinate indicated that Texas Early Grano was the best genotype in term of total yield and performance stability. Based on marketable yield, bulb doubling and bolting and performance stability, Primavera was the best genotype.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bolting
  • doubling bulb
  • ideal environment
  • Mega environment
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