تأثیر تنش کم‌آبی بر خصوصیات عملکردی، ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی و متابولیت‌های نعناع‌فلفلی (Mentha piperita L.)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق دکتری، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

2 دانشیار، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

3 استادیار، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

4 استاد، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشگاه تورین، ایتالیا

چکیده

گیاهان دارویی منابع ارزشمند آنتی­اکسیدان­های طبیعی از قبیل برخی ترپنوئیدها و ترکیبات فنلی هستند و دارای پتانسیل بالا به­عنوان جایگزینی مناسب برای آنتی­اکسیدان­های سنتزی در کاهش استرس اکسیداتیو می­باشند. دمنوش نعناع­فلفلی (Mentha piperita) یکی از غنی­ترین منابع آنتی­اکسیدان در دنیا به­شمار می­آید. با استفاده از کم­آبی می­توان خاصیت آنتی­اکسیدانی این گیاه را تغییر داد. در این پژوهش، گیاهان نعناع­فلفلی به­مدت چهار ماه در معرض سه سطح آبیاری (شاهد، تنش ملایم و شدید به­ترتیب100، 75 و 50 درصد ظرفیت­زارعی) قرار گرفتند. هر دو سطح تنش کم­آبی، باعث کاهش معنی­دار ارتفاع بوته، وزن تر و خشک برگ و طول و عرض برگ شد. همچنین در اثر تنش کم­آبی، مقدار ترکیب­های فنولیک، میزان متابولیت­های ثانویه (فنل کل و فلاونوئید کل) و پتانسیل آنتی‌اکسیدانی نعناع­فلفلی به­صورت معنی­داری افزایش یافت. در بین دو سطح تنش مورد استفاده، تنش شدید تأثیر بیشتری را نشان داد. برخی از ترکیب­های فنولیک مانند کوئرستین، کومارین و لوتئولین فقط در شرایط تنش کم­آبی شناسایی گردیدند. همچنین تنش کم­آبی تغییر مقادیر برخی اسیدهای آمینه و اسیدهای چرب غیر­اشباع را به­دنبال داشت. درکل تنش کم­آبی منجر به افزایش پتانسیل آنتی‌اکسیدانی عصاره آبی و برخی ترکیب­های فعال زیستی نعناع­فلفلی گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of water deficit stress on yield characteristics, antioxidant capacity and metabolite profile of peppermint (Mentha piperita L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholamreza Abdi 1
  • Majid Shokrpour 2
  • Seyed Alireza Salami 3
  • Cinzia M. Bertea 4
1 Former Ph. D. Student, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2 Associate Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
4 Professor, Plant Physiology Unit, Department of Plant Biology, University of Turin, Innovation Centre, Via Quarello 11/A 10135 Turin, Italy
چکیده [English]

Medicinal Plants are almost reach sources of natural antioxidants such as terpenoids and phenolic compounds and have great potential as an alternative for synthetic antioxidants against oxidative stresses. Peppermint (Mentha piperita) infusion is a valuable worldwide source of antioxidants. The antioxidant property can be enhanced by inducing abiotic stresses. This experiment was conducted to evaluate prolong (4 months) water deficit stress (no stress, mild stress and severe stress as 100, 75 and 50% of field capacity, respectively) on cultivated peppermint on plant growth, secondary metabolite profile and antioxidant capacity of peppermint infusions. Both water deficit stress treatment decresed plant height, leaf wet and dry weight and leaf size significantly. Also, water deficit stress increased antioxidant capacity, total phenolic and flavonoid contents significantly. Some phenolic compounds such as quercetin, coumaric acid and luteolin were detected only in water-deficit conditions. Also, the amount of some identified amino acids and unsaturated fatty acids were changed under water deficit stress. Therefore, inducing water stress can enhance the biological value of peppermint and improve bioactive compounds and the antioxidant capacity of peppermint extract.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biological value
  • flavonoid
  • Infusion
  • phenolic compounds
  • Rosmarinic acid
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