بررسی تأثیر تنش کم‌آبی بر عملکرد، اسانس و برخی از صفات فیزیولوژیک اکوتیپ‌های آویشن دنایی (Thymus daenensis subsp. daenensis) در منطقه کرج

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق دکتری، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

2 استادیار، گروه علوم و مهندسی باغبانی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج

3 دانشیار، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

4 استاد، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر تنش کم‌آبی بر عملکرد ماده­خشک، درصد اسانس و برخی خصوصیات فیزیولوژیک اکوتیپ‌های بومی آویشن دنایی (Thymus daenensis subsp. daenensis)، آزمایشی به­صورت کرت‌های یک‌بار خردشده در قالب بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی، در سال زراعی1392در کرج به اجرا درآمد. در این پژوهش، هشت اکوتیپ آویشن دنایی جمع‌آوری شده از مناطق مختلف، تحت سه تیمار آبیاری نرمال (آبیاری تا گلدهی کامل)، قطع آبیاری در مرحله رویشی و قطع آبیاری در مرحله گلدهی، مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که واکنش اکوتیپ‌های مختلف به تیمارهای اعمال­شده، از نظر درصد اسانس، میزان ماده­خشک، کلروفیل، کاروتن، پرولین و فعالیت آنزیم‌های کاتالاز، آسکوربات­پراکسیداز، گلوتاتیون­پراکسیداز و پلی­فنل­اکسیداز متفاوت بود. بین درصد اسانس و ماده خشک با کلروفیل، کاروتن، پرولین و میزان فعالیت آنزیم‌های اندازه‌گیری­شده، همبستگی معنی‌داری مشاهده نگردید. بیشترین عملکرد ماده خشک (27/17 گرم به­ازای تک بوته) در اکوتیپ خانه میران بالا، تحت آبیاری نرمال و بیشترین درصد اسانس (2/6 درصد) در اکوتیپ ملایر 2، تحت تیمار قطع آبیاری در مرحله رویشی، مشاهده گردید. اکوتیپ اراک، دارای بیشترین عملکرد اسانس، در هر دو شرایط تنش آبی بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of water deficit stress on yield, essential oil and some of physiological traits in different ecotypes of Thymus daenensis subsp. daenensis in Karaj region

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jalal Khorshidi 1 2
  • Majid Shokrpour 3
  • Vahideh Nazeri 4
1 Former Ph.D. Student, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran | Assistant Professor, Department of Horticultural Sciences and EngFaculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
2 Former Ph.D. Student, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran | Assistant Professor, Department of Horticultural Sciences and EngFaculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
3 Associate Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
4 Professor, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study the effect of water deficit stress on yield, essential oil and some of physiological traits in different ecotypes of Thymus daenensis subsp. daenensis, an experiment was performed as split plot design based on RCBD with three replicates, in Karaj (2013). In this experiment, eight ecotypes of this plant were studied under three water deficit treatments including normal irrigation, stop irrigation at the start of flowering and stop irrigation at the vegetative stage. Result indicated that ecotypes under the different level of irrigation showed different responses for essential oil percentage, dry matter yield, chlorophyll, carotenes, proline and activity of catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and polyphenol oxidase enzymes. Close correlation was not observed between essential oil percentage and dry matter yield with chlorophyll, carotene, proline, and enzymes activity. The highest dry matter yield (17.27 gr per plant) was obtained in Malayer Bala ecotype under normal irrigation and the highest essential oil percentage (6.2 %) was obtained in ecotype of Malayer2 under stop irrigation at the vegetative stage. The highest essential oil yield as the most economical important was found in ecotype of Arak under the both stress treatments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Carotene
  • Chlorophyll
  • dry matter
  • enzyme
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