ارزیابی زیبایی‌شناسی گیاهان درختی بومی هیرکانی (بررسی موردی: حوزۀ شهرستان ساری)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، مؤسسه آموزش‌عالی سنا ساری

2 استادیار، مؤسسه آموزش‌عالی سنا ساری

3 استاد، مؤسسه تحقیقات مرکبات کشور، رامسر

4 مربی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان مازندران، ساری

چکیده

کاربرد گیاهان بومی در فضای سبز از جمله مواردی است که در منظرسازی کمتر به آن توجه شده است. لذا این پژوهش باهدف بررسی جنبۀ زیباشناسانۀ گیاهان درختی بومی زیر حوزۀ هیرکانی انجام پذیرفت. بررسی‌های میدانی روی 55 گونۀ درختی بومی موجود در منطقۀ مورد بررسی به مدت یک سال انجام شد. ثبت ویژگی‌های زیباشناسی به کمک مشاهدۀ درختان در طبیعت و عکس‌برداری از اندام‌های مختلف صورت پذیرفت و با توجه به شاخص‌های زیباشناسی امتیازدهی انجام شد، سپس ارزیابی داده‌ها به کمک روش خوشه (کلاستر)بندی در نرم‌افزارSPSS  انجام شد. درنهایت گونه‌های درختی بومی منطقۀ هیرکانی بر پایۀ شاخص­های زیباشناسی تفکیک شده‌اند. در مرحلۀ پایانی گونه‌های برتر بر پایۀ نوع کاربری‌ گروه‌بندی شدند؛ درنهایت 23 گونه مناسب مناظر خیابانی، 42 گونه مناسب بوستان‌ها، 10 گونۀ درختی مناسب برای ایجاد منظره‌های میوه‌دار، 19 گونه برای استفاده در ایجاد پرچین و دیوارسبز و 7 گونه برای حاشیۀ رودخانه‌ها و مکان‌های مرطوب معرفی شدند. از جمع‌بندی نتایج این تحقیق می‌توان چنین نتیجه‌گیری کرد که از دیدگاه زیباشناسی برخی از گونه‌های درختی بومی هیرکانی قابلیت بالایی به جهت استفاده در منظره‌های شهری دارند. لذا انجام پژوهش‌های سازگاری گونه‌های پیشنهادی با محیط شهری توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Aesthetics assessment of Hyrcanian native tree plants (Case study: Sari city)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vajihe Abbasi ghadi 1
  • Masoud Azadbakht 2
  • Yahya Tajvar 3
  • Mohammad Akbarzadeh 4
1 Former M.Sc. Student, Sana Institute of Higher Education, Sari, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Sana Institute of Higher Education, Sari, Iran
3 Professor, Citrus Research Institute, Ramsar, Iran
4 Instructor, Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center of Mazandaran, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Using native plants in landscape is an issue that has been neglected in the field of landscaping. Therefore, this research took place with the aim of examining the aesthetic aspect of the native tree plants of the Hyrcanian area. Field studies were carried out on 55 native tree species in 9 paths in Sari in the studied area for one year. These studies included recording appearance and aesthetic features. Registration of aesthetic features was done by observation of trees in nature and taking picture of various organs. Scoring was done according to the aesthetic indexes and then data were analyzed by SPSS software and the use of clustering method. Eventually, native tree species of the Hyrcanian region were classified based on aesthetic indexes. In the final stage, superior species was classified according to their application; finally 23 species were introduced as suitable species for street sights, 42 species for parks, 10 species for creation of productive landscapes, 19 species for use in making hinges and walls and 7 species for the margin of rivers and wet places. Summing up the results of this research, it can be concluded that, from the aesthetic point of view, some native Hyrcanian species are highly suitable for use in urban landscapes. Therefore, compatibility research for suggested species in urban environments is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Beautiful
  • eco-design
  • native
  • north of Iran
  • tree
  • Urban landscape
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