ارزیابی تأثیر کودهای آلی و زیستی بر عملکرد مادۀ خشک و کمیت و کیفیت اسانس ریحان سبز (Ocimum basilicum L.) در منطقۀ فیروزکوه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران

2 دانشیار، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر کودهای آلی و زیستی (بیولوژیک) بر عملکرد مادۀ خشک و کمیت و کیفیت اسانس ریحان سبز، آزمایش به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­ کامل تصادفی انجام گرفت. عامل اول شامل سه سطح 0، 5 و 10 تن در هکتار ورمی کمپوست و عامل دوم شامل دو حالت تلقیح بذر و بدون تلقیح بذر با کود زیستی نیتروکسین بود. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده از این پژوهش نشان داد، بیشترین عملکرد خشک پیکرۀ رویشی (3/2405 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در کاربرد 5 تن ورمی کمپوست و بیشترین درصد اسانس (48/0%) و عملکرد اسانس (81/9 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در کاربرد 10 تن ورمی کمپوست به دست آمد. کود زیستی نیتروکسین تأثیر معنی­داری روی عملکرد خشک پیکرۀ رویشی و درصد ژرانیال و درصد کاریوفیلن اکساید در اسانس داشت، به‌طوری‌که بیشترین عملکرد پیکرۀ رویشی (2/2181 کیلوگرم در هکتار)، درصد ژرانیال (91/21%) و کاریوفیلن اکساید (25/3%) در اسانس در تیمار کاربرد نیتروکسین (تلقیح با بذر) به دست آمد. همچنین اثر متقابل در بین عامل‌ها روی عملکرد پیکرۀ رویشی و درصد ژرانیال، کاریوفیلن اکساید و ترانس آلفا برگاموتن در اسانس، معنی‌دار شد. درمجموع بیشترین عملکردهای پیکرۀ رویشی و اسانس با کاربرد ورمی کمپوست و بیشترین ترکیب‌های اسانس با کاربرد نیتروکسین به دست آمد.  

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of organic and bio-fertilizers on biomass yield and quantity and quality of essential oil of green basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) in Firouzkuh region

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parnia Asheghi 1
  • Mohammad Taghi Darzi 2
  • Mohammadreza Haj Seyed Hadi 2
1 Former M. Sc. Student, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study effects of organic and bio-fertilizers on dry matter yield and quantity and quality of essential oil of green basil, an experiment was conducted as factorial experiment in the base of randomized complete block design. First factor contained three levels 0, 5 and 10 ton/ha vermicompost and second factor contained two cases inoculated seeds and non-inoculated seeds with Nitroxin biofertilizer. Results showed that the highest shoot dry yield were obtained with application of 5 t/ha vermicompost while the highest essential oil percentage and essential oil yield were in applying 10 ton/ha vermicompost. Nitroxin biofertilizer showed significant effects on shoot dry yield, geranial percentage and Caryophyllene oxide percentage in essential oil, as the highest geranial percentage and caryophyllene oxide percentage in treatment of application of Nitroxin (inoculated seeds) were obtained. Also, the intractions effect of factors on shoot dry yield, geranial, caryophyllene oxide and trans alpha bergamotene in essential oil were significant. Generally, the highest shoot and essential oil yields were obtained with application of vermicompost and the highest essential oil compositions with Nitroxin application.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Geranial
  • nitroxin biofertilizer
  • vermicompost
  • yield
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