تأثیر کاربرد زئولیت جاذب اتیلن بر کیفیت گل‌های شاخه بریدۀ میخک

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

2 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران

چکیده

تولید درونی گاز اتیلن و افزایش تنفس و حضور بیرونی این گاز در محیط به‌عنوان اصلی­ترین دلایل و عامل‌های کاهش ماندگاری گل شاخه بریدۀ میخک مطرح است و کاربرد جاذب­های اتیلن می­تواند در این رابطه مؤثر باشد. در این تحقیق تأثیر کاربرد زئولیت در سه سطح 0، 5/0 و 1 گرم پوشش داده شده با پرمنگنات پتاسیم (1 میلی­مولار) به­عنوان جاذب اتیلن در چهار سطح 0، 1، 2 و 3 درصد وزنی در کیفیت گل­های شاخه بریدۀ میخک رقم مهندسی قرمز (Dianthus caryophyllus L. ‘Red’) بررسی شد. سطوح تیماری پرمنگنات پتاسیم طوری انتخاب شد که بتواند کل حجم زئولیت در هر تیمار را به­طور کامل خیس کند. در هر ظرف محدود یا ایزوله (هر ظرف از روی هم قرارگرفتن دو لیوان شفاف پلاستیکی هرکدام به حجم 5/0 لیتر به دست آمد و محل اتصال با چسب شفاف به‌کلی بسته شد) به حجم 1 لیتر، یک شاخه گل به طول 30 سانتی­متر به همراه محفظۀ تیمار حاوی جاذب غنی‌شده قرار گرفت و آزمایش به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایۀ کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار ارزیابی شد (تیمار شاهد بدون زئولیت و پرمنگنات پتاسیم بود). صفاتی مانند وزن تر و وزن خشک شاخه، عمر گلجایی، شاخص ثبات غشای یاخته‌ای، میزان تولید اتیلن، میزان سبزینه (کلروفیل)­های برگ و آنتوسیانین­های گلبرگ­ها ارزیابی شد. نتایج نشان داد، استفاده از زئولیت 5/0 گرم پوشش داده شده با پرمنگنات پتاسیم 2 درصد بیشترین عمر گلجایی را نسبت به شاهد داشت. افزون بر این دیگر ویژگی­های کیفی از جمله وزن تر، وزن خشک، کاهش وزن تر، ثبات غشای یاخته­ای، میزان آنتوسیانین­ها، سبزینه­ها و میزان اتیلن تولیدشده نیز تحت تأثیر معنی‌دار تیمار زئولیت سطح 5/0 گرم پوشش داده شده با پرمنگنات پتاسیم قرار گرفتند. بنابراین، این سطح از تیمار برای حفظ کیفیت گل­های شاخه بریده میخک رقم قرمز در چرخۀ حمل ونقل پیشنهاد می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of ethylene absorbent zeolite application on keeping cut carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L. ‘Red’) quality

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azizollah Khandan-Mirkohi 1
  • Zahra Arabi 2
1 Assistant Professor, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2 Former M.Sc. Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The climacteric rises of ethylene production and respiration or exposure to the exogenous ethylene are more responsible for the relatively short life of carnations cut flowers. Applications of superabsorbents could lead to the decrease in the ethylene concentration. Zeolite at three levels of 0, 0.5 and 1 g coated with potassium permanganate (one mM) at 4 levels of 0, 1, 2 and 3% (weight basis) applied as treatments for the evaluation of carnation cut flowers (Dianthus caryophyllus L. ‘Red’) performance in isolated containers (one 30 cm cut flower per isolated container). The chosen levels of potassium permanganate were able to cover each of the zeolite treatments. The control treatment was without zeolite and potasium permanganate. A factorial experiment based on completely randomized design conducted with three replications. Characters such as fresh and dry weight of cut flowers, vase life, cell membrane maintenance index (electrolyte leakage), ethylene concentration, leaf chlorophylls content, and petal anthocyanins were evaluated. Results revealed that 0.5 g of zeolite coated with 2% of potassium permanganate was effective treatment to improve the vase life of cut flowers, to decrease the ethylene concentration in container, to maintain the membrane stability, leaf chlorophylls and petal anthocyanins. Results of this research could be used to improve the vase life of carnation cut flowers during transport or marketing.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • electrolyte leakage
  • growth regulators
  • Leaf chlorophyll
  • ornamental plants
  • petal anthocyanins
  • superabsorbents
  1. Abeles, F. B., Morgan, P. W. & saltveit, M. E. (1992). Ethylene in plant biology. Zed Academic press, New York.
  2. Arnon, D. I. (1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology, 4, 1-150.
  3. Antuness, N. D. & Sfakiotakis, E. M. (2008). Changes in fatty acid composition and electrolyte leakage of Hayward kiwifruit during storage at different temperature. Food Chemistry, 110, 891-896.
  4. Arteca, R. N. (1996). Plant Growth Substances: Principle and Applications. New Yourk. Chapman & Hall.
  5. Azeredo, H. M. C. D. (2009). Nanocomposites for food packaging application. Food Research International, 42, 1240-1253.
  6. Bhattachajee, S. K. & De, L. C. (2005). Postharvest Technology of Flowers and Ornamental Plants. Pointer Publisher. Jaipur, India.
  7. Blankenship, S. M. & Dole, J. M. (2003). 1-Methylcyclopropene: a review. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 28, 1 - 25.
  8. Day, B. P. F. (1993). Fruit and vegetables. In: Parry R.T. (Ed), Principles and Applications of MAP of Foods. (pp. 114-133) Blackie Academic and Professional. Gaithersburg, Maryland.
  9. Dole, J. M. & Wilkins, H. F. (1999). Floricuhture: Principles and Species. Prentice Hall. NewJersey.
  10. Farag, R. M. (1998). Development to the Rutab stage without accompanied fruit softening of Zaghloul dates by some postharvest treatments. In: Proceedings of First International Conference on Date Palms, March 8-10, Al-Ain, UAE, pp. 417-425.
  11. Ferrante, A., Mensuali-Sodi, A., Serra, G. & Yognoni, F. (2002). Effects of ethylene and cytokinins on vase life of cut Eucalyptus parvifolia cambage branche. Plant Growth Regulation, 38, 119-125.
  12. Huang, Z. T. & Petrovic, A. M. (1995). Physical properties of sand as affected by clinoptilolite zeolite particle size and quantity. Journal of Turfgrass Management, 1(1), 1-15.
  13. Jamal uddin, A. F. M., Hashimoto, F., Kaketani, M., Shimizu, K. & Sakata, Y. (2001). Analysis of light and sucrose potencies on petal coloration and pigmentation of lisianthus cultivars (in vitro). Scientia Horticulturae, 89, 73- 82.
  14. Jayamaran, K. S. & Raju, P. S. (1992). Development and evaluation of a permanganate-based thylene scrubber for extending the shelf life of fresh fruite and vegetables. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 29, 77-83.
  15. Jayanthung K. G. L. R., Prasad, H. U. K. C., Fernando, M. D. & Palipane, K. B. (2011). Prolonging the postharvest life of papaya using modified atmosphere packaging. Journal of Agricultural Technology, 7(2), 507-518.
  16. Kumar, B. S., Kameswari, P. L., Pratap, M. & Venkateswarrao, P. (2015) Studies on vase life of tinted spikes of gladiolus cultivar white prosperity. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 49, 71-76.
  17. Lise, A., Michelle, H. & Serek, M. (2004). Reduced water availability improves drought tolerane of potted miniature roses: Is the ethylene pathway involved. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 99(4), 95-105.
  18. Meng, X. & Wang, X. (2004). Relation of flower development and anthocyanin accumulation in Gerbera hybrida. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 79, 131-137.
  19. Mortensen, L. M. & Moe, R. (1992). Effects of CO2 enrichment and different day/night temperature combinations on growth and flowering of Rosa L. and Kalanchoe blossfeldiana v. poelln. Scientia Horticulturae, 51, 145-153.
  20. Obsuwan, K. & Uthairatanakij, A. (2007). Responses of different cut inflorescence of orchid hybrids to various 1-MCP concentrations. Acta Horticulturae, 755, 465-470.
  21. Oh, S. Y., Shin, S. S., Kim, C. C. & Lim, Y. J. (1996). Effect of pachaging films and freshness keeping on fruit quality of Yumyung peaches during MA storage. Journal of Korean Scocity for Horticultural Sciences, 37, 781-786.
  22. Oren-shamir, M. (2009). Does Anthocyanin degradation play a significant role in determining pigment concentration in plant? Plant Science, 177, 310-316.
  23. Reid, M. S. (1994). Biology of ethylene production and action. Perishables Handling Newsletter, 80, 3-4.
  24. Reid, M. S. (1997). A summary of CA and MA requirements and recommendations for ornamentals and cut flowers. Postharvest Horticulture Series Department of Pomology, University of California, 18, 129-136.
  25. Sairam, R., Singh, D. & Srivastava, G. (2003). Changes in activities of antioxidant enzymes in sunflower leaves of different ages. Biologia Plantarum, 47, 61-66.
  26. Sakihama, Y., Michael, F., Cohen, S., Grace, C. & Hideo, Y. (2002). Plant phenolic antioxidant and peroxidase activities: phenolic induced oxidative damage mediated by metal in plants. Toxicology, 177, 67-80.
  27. Sammi, S. & Masud, T. (2007). Effect of different packaging systems on storage life and quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum var. Rio Grande) during different ripening stages. Journal of Food Safety, 9, 37-44.
  28. Satoh, S., Shibuya, K., Waki, K. & Kosugi, Y. (2005). Mechanism of senescence in carnatiom flowers. Acta Horticulturrae, 669, 191-198.
  29. Sherman, M. (1985). Control of ethylene in the postharvest environment. HortScience, 20, 57-60.
  30. Thompson, J. F. (1994). Ethylene control in facilities. Perishables Handling Newsletter, 80, 7.
  31. Teixeira de Silva & Jaime A. (2003). The cut flower, post harvest consideration. Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(4), 406-442.
  32. Wagner, G. J. (1979). Content and vacuole/extravacuole distribution of neutral sugars, free amino acids, and anthocyanin in protoplasts. Plant Physiology, 64, 88-93.
  33. Wesis, D., Van Blokland, R., Kooter, I. M., Mol, J. N. M. & van Tunen, A. J. (1992). Gibberellic acid regulates chalcon synthase gene transcription in the corolla of petunia hybrida. Plant Physiology, 98,191-197.
  34. Wills, R., McGlasson, B., Graham, D. & Joyce, D. (1998). Postharvest: An Introduction to the Physiology and Handing of Fruit, Vegetables and Ornamentals (4th ed.). New York: CAB International.
  35. Wills, R. B. H. & Warton, M. A. (2004). Efficacy of potassium permanganate impregnated into alumina beads to reduce atmospheric conditions. Journal of American Society for Horticultural Science, 129(3), 433-438.
  36. Woltering, E. J. & Van Doorn, W. G. (1998). Role of ethylene in senescence of petals-Morphological and Taxonomical Relationships. Journal of Experimental Botany, 39(11), 1605-1616.
  37. Zhang, J. & Kirkham, M. B. (1996). Antioxidation responses to drought in sunflower and sorghum seedling. New Phytologist, 132, 361-373.