تأثیر محلول‌پاشی سیلیکات کلسیم بر میزان کلسیم، محتوای پاداکسندۀ کل و برخی ویژگی‌های کمی و کیفی میوۀ دو رقم توت‌فرنگی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه

2 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

افزایش کمی و کیفی میوه‌ها و ویژگی‌های تغذیه‌ای آن‌ها، نقش مهمی در بازارپسندی و درآمد باغداران دارد. سیلیکون و کلسیم از جمله عنصرهایی هستند که می­توانند نقش مؤثری در بهبود کیفیت میوه‌های تولیدی داشته باشند. این پژوهش برای ارزیابی تأثیر محلول‌پاشی سیلیکات کلسیم (50،0، 100 و 200 میلی­گرم در لیتر) بر برخی ویژگی‌های کمی و کیفی، محتوای پاداکسندۀ (آنتی‌اکسیدان) کل و میزان کلسیم میوۀ دو رقم توت‌فرنگی (ʼکاماروساʻ و ʼسلواʻ) انجام شد. آزمایش به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح آماری بلوک کامل تصادفی با پنج تکرار انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد، طول میوه، نسبت طول به عرض میوه، وزن تر و خشک میوه و میزان ویتامین ث در رقم کاماروسا بیشتر از رقم سلوا بود. میزان سفتی،TA ، TSS، محتوای فنل و پاداکسندۀ کل، میزان کلسیم بافت میوه و میزان فعالیت آنزیم کاتالاز در رقم سلوا به‌طور معنی‌داری بیشتر از رقم کاماروسا بود. با کاربرد سیلیکات کلسیم طول میوه، وزن تر و خشک میوه، میزان سفتی، میزان ویتامین ث، TSS، TA، محتوای فنل و پاداکسندۀ کل، میزان کلسیم میوه و فعالیت آنزیم کاتالاز افزایش یافت. یافته­های این پژوهش نشان داد، محلول­پاشی سیلیکات کلسیم در بالاترین غلظت مورد استفاده در این آزمایش (200 میلی­گرم در لیتر)، بیشترین تأثیر را در بهبود ویژگی‌های کمی و کیفی میوۀ توت‌فرنگی داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of foliar application with calcium silicate on calcium amount, total antioxidant content and some qualitative and quantitative characteristics of two strawberry cultivars

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nader Mahmoudi Soureh 1
  • Alireza Farokhzad 2
  • Hamid Hassanpour 2
1 Former M. Sc. Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia
چکیده [English]

Increasing of visual quality and nutraceutical properties of fruits plays an important role in fruit marketability and economic incomes of gardeners. Silicon and calcium can play an important role in fruits quality improvement. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of foliar application with calcium silicate (0, 50, 100 and 200 mg/L) on some fruit quantitative and qualitative characteristics, total antioxidant and calcium content of two strawberry cultivars (‘Camarosa’ and ‘Selva’). The experiment was performed in a factorial based on randomized complete block design with 5 replications. Results showed that fruit length, fruit length to width ratio, fruit fresh and dry weight, vitamin C content in ‘Camarosa’ fruits were more than ‘Selva’ fruits, whereas fruit firmness, TA, TSS, total phenolic, antioxidant content, amount of calcium  and catalase enzyme activity of ‘Selva’ fruits were significantly more than the ‘Camarosa’. With application of calcium silicate, fruit length, fruit fresh and dry weight, fruit firmness, the amount of vitamin C, TA, TSS, total phenolic, antioxidant, calcium content and catalase enzyme activity were increased. According to the results, foliar application of calcium silicate at 200 mg/L had the highest effect on improvement of quantitative and qualitative traits of strawberry fruits.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Camarosa
  • catalase enzyme
  • Foliar spray
  • Qualitative parameters
  • selva
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