تغییر فعالیت آنزیم‌های سوپراکسید دیسموتاز و پراکسیداز تحت تأثیر انواع آب و دور آبیاری در گیاه زینتی پروانش

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار، گروه باغبانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رشت، رشت، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر آب مغناطیس‌شده روی گیاه زینتی پروانش، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کامل تصادفی با شانزده تیمار در سه تکرار اجرا شد. عامل‌های آزمایش شامل چهار نوع آب (آب شهر مغناطیس‌شده، آب شهر، آب چاه مغناطیس‌شده و آب چاه) و چهار دورهای آبیاری (دو روز یک‌بار، چهار روز یک‌بار، شش روز یک‌بار  و هشت روز یک‌بار) بود. بنابر نتایج به‌دست‌آمده کمترین زمان تا گلدهی پروانش (20/45 روز)، بیشترین شمار گل (96/17 گل)، بیشترین شمار برگ (88/165)، بیشترین شمار شاخه (44/17)، بیشترین ارتفاع بوته (71/21 سانتی‌متر) و همچنین بیشترین قطر ساقة گل‌دهنده (95/6 میلی‌متر) و کمترین نشت یونی (96/55 درصد) در تیمار آبیاری دو روز یک‌بار با آب شهر مغناطیس‌شده به دست آمد. تیمارهای آبیاری دو روز یک‌بار با آب چاه و شهر مغناطیس‌شده به‌ترتیب با 19/6 و 25/6 نانومول در هر گرم وزن تر کمترین و آبیاری هشت روز یک‌بار با آب شهر و چاه مغناطیس‌نشده با 7/9 و 45/9 نانومول در هر گرم وزن تر بیشترین میزان مالون‌دی‌آلدئید را در بین تیمارها به خود اختصاص دادند. بیشترین و کمترین فعالیت سوپراکسیددیسموتاز به‌ترتیب مربوط به تیمارهای آبیاری هشت روز یک‌بار با آب چاه مغناطیس‌شده (75/59 واحد آنزیم در گرم وزن تر) و آبیاری هشت روز یک‌بار با آب چاه (86/10 واحد آنزیم در گرم وزن تر) بود. بیشترین فعالیت POD با 04/6 نانومول در هر گرم وزن تر در تیمار آبیاری شش روز یک‌بار با آب چاه مشاهده شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The activity of superoxide dismutase and peroxidase enzymes under the influence of water and irrigation intervals to ornamental periwinkle

نویسنده [English]

  • Davood Hashemabadi
Associate Professor, Department of Horticulture, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

To investigate the effect of magnetic water on the periwinkle a factorial experiment based on CRD carried out with 16 treatments in three replications. Treatments consisted of four types of water (magnetic tap water, the tap water, magnetic well water and well water) and four irrigation intervals (2, 4, 6 and 8 days). The results showed the least time to flowering periwinkle (45.20 days), the highest number of flower (17.96), the highest number of leaves (165.88), the maximum number of branches (17.44), maximum height (21.71 cm), maximum diameter of the stem (6.95 mm) and lowest ionic leakage (55.96%) were found in treatment of 2 days and magnetic tap water. The minimum MDA observed in interval irrigation of 2 days with magnetic well water and magnetic tap water. The maximum MDA obtained in irrigation intervals of 8 days + tap (9.7 nmol g F.W-1) and well water (9.45 nmol g F.W-1), respectively. The highest and lowest activity of SOD were found in irrigation intervals of 8 days with magnetic well water (59.75 IU. g D.W-1) and irrigation intervals 2 days + with well water (10.86 IU. g D.W-1). Maximum POD activity (6.04 nmol g F.W-1) was observed in irrigation of 6 days with well water.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Catharanthus roseus
  • ionic leakage
  • Magnetic Water
  • MDA
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