تأثیر عامل‌های اقلیمی بر برخی ویژگی‌های کیفی میوۀ پرتقال تامسون ناول در استان مازندران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه جغرافیا، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تبریز

2 استادیار، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز

3 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، گروه جغرافیا، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

در این پژوهش داده­های اقلیمی سال 1389 از ایستگاه­های هواشناسی ساری، آمل، قراخیل، بابلسر و گلوگاه شامل فراسنجه‌­های اقلیمی دما، بارش، رطوبت نسبی، بیشینه سرعت باد، شمار ساعت‌های آفتابی و روز­های یخبندان گرد­آوری شد. برخی داده­های کیفیت میوه شامل وزن، حجم، اسیدیته و غیره نیز در آزمایشگاه اندازه­گیری شد. بررسی ویژگی‌های کیفی میوه در ایستگاه­های مورد بررسی نشان داد، ویژگی‌های اندازه­گیری‌شده تحت تأثیر فراسنجه‌­های دما، بارش و رطوبت نسبی قرار گرفتند. ایستگاه­های مورد بررسی بر پایۀ ویژگی‌های کیفی میوه و فراسنجه‌­های اقلیمی در دو گروه A (گلوگاه و قراخیل) و B (ساری، آمل و بابلسر) جای گرفتند. میوه­های تولیدی از باغ­های مرکبات ایستگاه­های گروه A اسیدیته، وزن و ضخامت پوست بیشتری نسبت به گروه B داشتند، درحالی‌که میوه­های تولیدی از باغ­های گروه B، ویتامین ث، وزن گوشت، حجم و وزن میوه بیشتری نسبت به گروه A داشتند. دیگر ویژگی‌های اندازه‌گیری‌شده تحت تأثیر فراسنجه‌­های اقلیمی قرار نگرفتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of climatic factors on some Thompson navel orange qualities in Mazandaran province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Mohammad Khorshiddoost 1
  • Fariborz Zare Nahandi 2
  • Azam Khalili 3
1 Assistant Profesor, Department of Geography, Faculty of human sciences, University of Tabriz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Iran
3 M. Sc. Student, Department of Geography, Faculty of human sciences, University of Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this research the climatic data of the year 2010 for the meteorological stations of Sari, Amol, Qrakhyl, Babolsar, and Galoogah were collected which included climatic factors of temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, maximum wind speed, number of sunny hours days, and freezing days. Some of the quality data of fruit such as weight, mass, acidity, etc. were analyzed in the lab. The analysis of qualitative characteristics of the fruit in the study stations indicated that the measured attributes have been affected by temperature, precipitation, and relative humidity parameters. The study stations according to the qualitative characteristics of the fruit and climatic parameters were placed in two groups of A (Galoogah and Qrakhyl), and B (Sari, Amol, and Babolsar). Fruits produced from the gardens of group A included higher acidity, weight, and skin thickness comparing to the group B. While the fruits produced from the gardens of group B compared to the group A, had more vitamin C, higher flesh weight and volume, and finally higher weight. Others measured attributes were not affected by climatic parameters.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bioclimatic parameters
  • citrus
  • Climate
  • Product quality
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