بررسی تأثیر زئولیت، هیدروژل و ورمی‎کمپوست بر برخی ویژگی‌های ریخت‌شناختی گیاه دارویی همیشه‌بهار

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشگاه ولی‌عصر(عج) رفسنجان

2 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی جیرفت

چکیده

با توجه به روند روبه رشد استفاده از مادة کانی زئولیت، اهمیت استفاده از بسپار (پلیمر)های سوپر جاذب در کشاورزی به­ویژه در مناطق خشک و نیمه­خشک و کاربرد ورمی‏کمپوست در تولید محصولات سالم، آزمایش گلدانی به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‏های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار انجام شد. تیمارها شامل زئولیت در سه سطح (0، 3 و 6 درصد وزنی) به‌عنوان عامل اول، ورمی‏کمپوست در سه سطح (0، 3 و 6 درصد وزنی) به‏عنوان عامل دوم و هیدروژل در سه سطح (0، 2/0 و 4/0 درصد وزنی) به‌عنوان عامل سوم بررسی شد. صفات ارتفاع بوته، شمار برگ، گل و دانه در بوته، وزن تر و خشک بوتۀ کامل، عملکرد گل و دانه در بوته اندازه­گیری شد. نتایج تجزیۀ داده­ها نشان داد که اثر متقابل سه‌گانه زئولیت، هیدروژل و ورمی­کمپوست بر همۀ ویژگی‌ها به‌جز شمار گل در بوته و عملکرد گل معنی­دار بود. و در بیشتر این ویژگی‌ها با افزایش سطوح ورمی­کمپوست و زئولیت همگام با افزایش سطح هیدروژل تا 2/0 درصد افزایش پیدا کردند. اما در مورد شمار گل در بوته و عملکرد گل اثر متقابل دوگانه تیمارها بر آن­ها معنی­دار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of zeolit, hydrogel and vermicompost on some morphological traits in marigold (Calendula officinalis L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Shekofteh 1
  • Maryam Arabnejad Khanooki 2
1 Assistant Professor, Vali-e-Asr Univesity of Rafsanjan, Iran
2 Former M. Sc. Student, Islamic Azad University-Jiroft, Iran
چکیده [English]

With respect to the ever icreasing trend in the applicability of zeolite, superabsorbent polymer in agriculture especialy in arid and semiarid region, and vermicompost in producing healthy crop, a pot experiment was conducted in factorial based on a randomized complete block design with three replications. Treatments were zeolite at three levels (0, 3 and 6 weight percent), vermicompost at three levels (0, 3 and 6 weight percent) and hydrogel at there levels (0, 0.2 and 0.4 weight percent). Traits of plant height, number of leaf, flower and seed per plant, wet and dry weight of entire plant, yield of flower and grain per plant were measured. As to the result, the interatctive effect of zeolite, hydrogel, and vermicompost had a significant effect on all the tarits except number of flower, and flower yield. Most of these traits increased to increasing zeolite and vermicompost along with increasing hydrogel to 0.2%. Interactive double effects of tratments had a significant effect on number of flower per plant and flower yield.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Medicinal plant
  • organic matter
  • superabsorbent
  • zeolite
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