تأثیر ضد میکروبی عصارۀ مورخوش (Zhumeria majdae) و 8- هیدروکسی کینولین سولفات بر عمر پس از برداشت گل شاخه‌بریدۀ میخک (Dianthus caryophyllus “White Liberty”)

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رشت، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری باغبانی، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رشت، ایران

3 مربی، پژوهشکده گل و گیاهان زینتی

4 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد رشت، ایران

چکیده

میخک یکی از پرطرفدارترین گل‌های تولیدی در سطح جهان است. انسداد آوندهای چوبی و تنش آبی از مهم‌ترین دلایل کاهش ماندگاری پس از برداشت این گل شاخه‌بریده است. این پژوهش با هدف تأثیر عصارۀ گیاهی مورخوش با غلظت‌های (0، 10، 20 و 30 درصد) و 8-هیدروکسی کینولین سولفات با غلظت‌های (0، 200، 400 و 600 میلی‌گرم در لیتر) روی عمر گلجایی (Vase life) میخک‌های بریدۀ رقم ’وایت لایبرتی‘ در قالب آزمایش فاکتوریل بر پایۀ طرح کامل تصادفی انجام شد و ویژگی‌هایی همچون عمر گلجایی، درصد وزن خشک، کاهش وزن‌ تر، جذب محلول، شمارش باکتری در محلول و انتهای ساقه، رنگیزۀ کاروتنوئید گلبرگ، میزان اتیلن و پروتئین گلبرگ ارزیابی شد. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین عمر گلجایی مربوط به اثر دوجانبه 30 درصد عصارۀ مورخوش + 200 میلی‌گرم در لیتر 8-هیدروکسی کینولین سولفات بود که عمر گل­های شاخه‌بریدۀ میخک را 87/7 روز نسبت به تیمار شاهد افزایش داد. همچنین نتایج نشان داد، عصارۀ مورخوش در غلظت‌های 20 و 30 درصد بیشترین تأثیر را در افزایش طول عمر گلجایی نسبت به گل‌های تیمارشده با 8-هیدروکسی کینولین سولفات دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Antimicrobial effect of Zhumeria majdae extraction and 8- HQS on longevity of cut carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus ‘White Liberty’)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Davood Hashemabadi 1
  • Hamideh Bagheri 2
  • Mohammad Reza Shafiei 3
  • Mohadese Reza Alipour 4
1 Assistant Professor, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student of Horticulture, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
3 Member of Scientific Board of Ornamental Plants Research Center, Iran
4 Former M.Sc. Student, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) is one of the most popular cut flowers in the world. Stem end blockage and water stress are two problems in decreasing of vase life of cut carnation. A factorial experiment carried out based on CRD to study the effect of Zhumeria majdae extraction (0, 10, 20 and 30%) and 8-HQS (0, 200, 400, 600 mg L-1) on longevity of cut carnation ‘White Liberty’. Some traits, such as vase life, percent of dry matter, loss of fresh weight, water uptake, bacterial population in vase solution and stem end, petal carotenoids, ethylene production and petal protein content were evaluated. Results showed that continuous treatment by 30% Zhumeria majdae extraction+200 mg L-1 8-HQS improved the vase life of cut flowers 7.87 days longer than control. Also, results showed that 20 and 30% extraction of Zhumeria majdae had highest effect on the longevity of carnation cut flowers compared to 8-HQS.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • antimicrobial compourde
  • vase life
  • water uptake
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