بررسی تیمارهای مختلف ورمی‌کمپوست و کود شیمیایی بر میزان عنصرهای غذایی و آلکالوئیدهای گیاه شاه‌تره (Fumaria vaillantii)

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل


دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، مؤسسۀ آموزش عالی غیرانتفاعی سنا


شاه‌تره گیاهی یک‌ساله و علفی است، از جمله مواد مؤثرۀ آن آلکالوئیدهای مهمی مانند فومارین و سیناکتین، مواد رزینی و موسیلاژ است. قسمت مورد استفادة کل اندام هوایی آن است. ورمی­کمپوست یک کود آلی شامل آنزیم­ها، باکتری­ها و بقایای گیاهی و کود حیوانی است. این آزمایش در قالب طرح کامل تصادفی با پنج تیمار و سه تکرار در گلدان‌های با وزن 4 کیلوگرم در گلخانه صورت گرفت. تیمارها شامل شاهد (بدون کود)، ورمی‌کمپوست 5 درصد، ورمی‌کمپوست 15 درصد، ورمی‌کمپوست 30 درصد، تیمار کود شیمیایی با غلظت N:P:K, 20:20:20)) درصد بودند، پس از به گل رفتن 50 درصد از گیاهان اندازه‌گیری آلکالوئید توسط دستگاه HPLC با استفاده از استاندارد داخلی نوسکاپین و استاندارد خارجی فوماریک اسید صورت گرفت و نتایج گویای تأثیر ورمی‌کمپوست بر میزان آلکالوئید گیاه شاه‌تره بود. که تیمار ورمی‌کمپوست 30 درصد بیشترین میزان و تیمار شاهد حاوی کمترین میزان آلکالوئید بود. عنصرهای غذایی اندازه‌گیری‌شده شامل عنصرهای پرمصرف (نیتروژن، فسفر و پتاسیم)، کم‌مصرف (آهن و روی) بودند، میزان همۀ عنصرهای غذایی گیاهی مورد آزمایش اختلاف معنی‌دار نسبت به تیمار شاهد داشتند و نتایج نشان‌دهندۀ تأثیر مثبت و بیشتر تیمار ورمی­کمپوست نسبت به تیمار کود شیمیایی بر همۀ ویژگی‌های اندازه‌گیری‌شده در این آزمایش بود. استفاده از نهاده‌های کشاورزی به‌ویژه کودهای آلی و شیمیایی تأثیر مطلوبی بر عملکرد و متابولیت‌های ثانویۀ گیاه دارویی شاه‌تره داشت.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different levels of vermicompost and chemical fertilizer on the nutrient elements and alkaloids of fumitory (Fumaria vaillantii)

نویسنده [English]

  • Ahmad Rezaie rasa
Former M. Sc. Student, Sana Institute of Higher Education, Iran
چکیده [English]

Fumitory is an annual and herbaceous plant. Its active substances that mostly exist in aerial parts are including alkaloids such as fumaryn and Synaktyn, and also resins and mucilage. Vermicompost is a bio organic fertilizer which contains enzymes, bacteria, plant residues and animal manure. In this study an experiment was run as completely randomized design in three replications and five treatments. Treatments were including of control (No fertilizer), three levels of vermicompost (5, 15 and 30 percent) and chemical fertilizer (N:P:K, 20:20:20). After flowering of the plants, alkaloids were measured by HPLC using internal standard noscapine and external standard fumaric acid. The results showed significant effect of vermicompost on the amount of Fumitory alkaloids. The vermicompost treatment of 30 percent had the maximum and minimum amount of alkaloids, respectively. All micro and macro elements had significant differences in compared to control plants. The results indicated a positive effect of vermicompost on all the measured traits in this experiment. Totally, the use of agricultural inputs (organic and chemical) and favorable impact on yield and secondary metabolites of in this plant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Alkaloid
  • Chemical Fertilizer
  • Fumitory
  • nutrient elements
  • vermicompost
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