مطالعه‌ صفات مورفولوژیک مؤثر بر عملکرد گاوزبان ایرانی (Echium amoenum) در شرایط کاربرد کودهای آلی و شیمیایی و تراکم‌های مختلف گیاهی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانش آموخته دکتری، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد و استادیار مجتمع آموزش عالی گناباد

3 دانشیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

به­منظور مطالعه صفات مورفولوژیک مؤثر بر عملکرد گاوزبان ایرانی (Echium amoenum) در شرایط کاربرد تیمارهای تغذیه­ای و تراکم­های مختلف، آزمایشی در سال­های زراعی 92-1390 در دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد به­صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. فاکتورهای آزمایشی شامل 3 تراکم­ گیاهی (10، 5 و 3 بوته در مترمربع) و 5 نوع کود آلی و شیمیایی مختلف (کمپوست، ورمی‌کمپوست، گاوی، شیمیایی و شاهد) بودند. نتایج آزمایش نشان داد که تمامی کودهای آلی مورد مطالعه منجر به افزایش عملکرد گل نسبت به شاهد شدند، به­طوری­که عملکرد گل در تیمارهای کمپوست، ورمی­کمپوست و گاوی به­ترتیب 25، 28 و 27 درصد بیشتر از شاهد بود. نتایج رگرسیون چندمتغیره نشان داد که متغیرهای ارتفاع بوته، عملکرد اندام هوایی و تعداد گل در بوته، اصلی­ترین عوامل مؤثر بر عملکرد گل بودند، ضمن اینکه سهم نسبی عملکرد اندام هوایی در مقایسه با ارتفاع بوته و تعداد گل در بوته به­ترتیب 16 و 25 درصد بیشتر بود. بر اساس نتایج تحلیل مسیر، عملکرد اندام هوایی در بوته به طرق مختلف به­طور غیرمستقیم عملکرد گل را تحت­تأثیر قرار داد، ولی بیشترین اثر غیرمستقیم آن از طریق ارتفاع بوته بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study the morphological characteristics affecting yield of Echium amoenum under different organic and chemical fertilizers and plant densities

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parviz Rezvani Moghaddam 1
  • Mohammad Behzad Amiri 2
  • Mohsen Jahan 3
چکیده [English]

In order to study the morphological characteristics affecting yield of Echium amoenum under different nutritional treatments and different plant densities, a factorial experiment based on RCBD design with three replications was conducted at Agricultural Research Station, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran in 2011-2013 growing seasons. The experimental treatments were all combination of three plant densities (10, 5 and 3 plant.m-2) and five different types of organic and chemical fertilizers (compost, vermicompost, cow manure, chemical fertilizer and control). Results showed that organic fertilizers increased flower yield compared to control treatment. The flower yield of compost, vermicompost and cow manure treatments were 25, 28, and 27 percent more than control, respectively. Results of multivariate regression showed that variables of plant height, shoot dry weight, and number of flower per plant were the main factors affecting yield of flower; meanwhile, the relative contribution of shoot dry weight was approximately 16 and 25 percent more than plant height and number of flowers per plant, respectively. Based on the results of path analysis, shoot dry weight per plant had indirect effect on yield flower in different ways, but most of its indirect effect was imposed through plant height on the yield flower.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • compost
  • multivariate regression
  • optimal density
  • Path analysis
  • Plant height
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