Arora, R., Rowland, L.J. & Tanino, K. (2003). Induction and release of bud dormancy in woody perennials: A science comes of age. Horticultural Science, 38, 911-921.
Arora, R., Wisniewski M. E. & Scorza, R. (1992). Cold acclimation in genetically related (sibling) deciduous and evergreen peach (Prunus persica [L.] Batsch). I. Seasonal changes in cold hardiness and polypeptides of bark and xylem tissues. Plant Physiology, 99, 1562-1568.
Ashraf, M. & Foolad, M. R. (2007). Roles of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 59, 206-216.
Baek, K.H. & Skinner, D.Z. (2003). Alteration of antioxidant enzyme gene expression during cold acclimation of near-isogenic wheat lines. Plant Science, 165, 1221-1227.
Barka, E.A. & Audran, J.C. (1997). Response of ‘Champenoise’ grapevine to low temperature: changes of shoot and proline concentration in response to low temperatures and correlations whit freezing tolerance. Horticultural Science, 72, 557-582.
Barranco, D. & Ruiz, N. (2005). Frost tolerance of eight olive cultivars. Horticultural Science, 40, 558-560.
Bartolozzi, F. & Fontanazza, G. (1999). Assessment of frost tolerance in olive (Olea europaea L.). Scientia Horticulturae, 81, 309-319.
Bates, L. S., Waldren, R.P. & Teare, I.D. (1973). Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil, 39, 205-207.
Bradford, M.M. (1976). A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry, 72, 248-54.
Chen, H.H. & Li P.H. (1980). Characteristics of cold acclimation and deacclimation in tuber-bearing Solanum species. Plant Physiology, 65, 1146-1148.
Cook, D., Fowler, S., Fiehn, O. & Thomashow, M.F. (2004). A prominent role for the CBF cold response pathway in configuring the low-temperature metabolome of Arabidopsis. Proceeding of the National Academey ofSciences of the United Stataes of American, 101, 15243-15248.
Cox, S. E. & Stushnoff, C. (2001). Temperature-related shifts in soluble carbohydrate content during dormancy and cold acclimation in Populus tremuloides. Forest Research, 31, 730-737.
Fotouhi Ghazvini, R., Heydari, M. & Hashempor, A. (2012). Physiology and Molecular Biology of Stress Tolerance in Plants. Published by University Jihad of Mashhad. (In Farsi)
Gomez-del-Campo, M. & Barranco, D. (2005). Field evaluation of frost tolerance in 10 olive cultivars. Plant Genetic Resources, 3, 385-390.
Grace, J. (1987). Climatic tolerance and the distribution of plants. New Phytologist, 106, 113-130.
IPCC (2007). Executive summary of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, February 2007, www.ipcc.com.ch.
Jones, K.S., Paroschy, J., Mckersie, B.D. & Bowley, S. R. (1999). Carbohydrate Composition and Freezing Tolerance of Canes and Buds in Vitis vinifera. Plant Physiology, 155, 101-106.
Kochert, G. (1978). Carbohydrate determination by the phenol-sulfuric acid method. In: Hellebust, J. A., Craigie, J. S. (ed.) Handbook of phycological methods–physiological and biochemical methods. Cambridge University Press, London, p. 96-97.
Koussa, T., Cherrad, M., Bertrazd, A. & Broquedis, M. (1998). Comparison of the contents of starch, soluble carbohydrates and abscisic acid of latent buds and internodes during the vegetative cycle of grapevine. Vitis, 37, 5-10.
Leborgne, N., Teulieres, C., Cauvin, B., Travert, S. & Boudet, A.M. (1995). Carbohydrate content of Eucalyptus gunnii leaves along an annual cycle in the field and during induced frost-hardening in controlled conditions. Trees, 10, 86-93.
Nanjo, T., Kobayashi, M., Yoshiba, Y., Kakubari, Y., Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K. & Shinozaki, K. (1999). Antisense suppression of proline degradation improves tolerance to freezing and salinity in Arabidopsis thaliana. FEBS Letters, 461, 205-210.
Nezami, A. & Naghedi Nia, N. (2011). Effect of freezing stress on electrolyte leakage in six varieties of safflower. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research, 8, 891-896. (In Farsi)
Ogren, E. (1996). Premature dehardening in Vaccinium myrtillus during a mild winter: a cause for winter dieback? Functional Ecology, 10, 724-732.
Palonen, P. (1999). Relationship of Seasonal Changes in Carbohydrates and Cold Hardiness in Canes and Buds of Three Red Raspberry Cultivars. American Society for Horticultural Science, 124, 507-513.
Sakai, A. & Larcher, W. (1987). Frost survival of plants. Responses and adaptation to freezing stress. Ecological Studies, Berlin, Springer Verlag. 321 Pages.
Sekozawa, Y., Sugaya, S., Gemma, H. & Iwahori, S. (2003). Cold tolerance in ‘Kousui’ Japanese pear and possibility for avoiding frost injury by treatment whit n-propyl dihydrojasmonate. Horticultural Science, 38, 288-292.
USDA Forest Service. (2012). Silvics of Trees of North America. ''Maclura pomifera''. From: http://www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/maclura/pomifera.htm
Wisniewski, M., Timothy, J. C., Timothy, A. & Arora, R. (1996). Seasonal patterns of dehydrins and 70-kDa heat-shock proteins in bark tissues of eight species of woody plants. Physiologia Plantarum, 96, 496-505.
Wolkers, W.F., McCready, S., Brandt, W.F., Lindsey, G.G. & Hoekstra, F.A. (2001). Isolation and characterization of a D-7 LEA protein from pollen that stabilizes glasses in vitro. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1544, 196-206.
Xavier, M., Thierry, A., Rein, A., Cathy, K., Vojtich, L., Francois, L., Franco, M. & Isabelle, C. (2007). Variation in cold hardiness and carbohydrate concentration from dormancy induction to bud burst among provenances of three European oak species. Tree Physiology, 27, 817-825.
Yamori, W., Kogami, H. & Masuzawa, T. (2005). Freezing tolerance in alpine plants as assessed by the FDA-staining method. Polar Bioscience, 18, 73-81.