بررسی اثر روش کشت نشایی و سوخچه بر تاریخ تشکیل سوخ و شاخص‌های رشد ژنوتیپ‏های پیاز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ایستگاه تحقیقات کشاورزی بهبهان

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر روش‏های کشت بر تاریخ تشکیل سوخ و شاخص‏های رشد ژنوتیپ‏های پیاز آزمایشی به‌صورت کرت‏های خرد‌شده در قالب طرح بلوک‏های کامل تصادفی با 3 تکرار در ایستگاه تحقیقات کشاورزی بهبهان انجام گرفت. عامل اصلی دو روش کاشت: نشایی و سوخچه و عامل فرعی چهار ژنوتیپ: پیاز اصلاح‌شده بهبهان؛ تودۀ محلی رامهرمز؛ رقم تگزاس ارلی‏گرانو و پریماورا بود. تاریخ تشکیل سوخ به روش نسبت تشکیل سوخ و مجموع تجمعی تخمین زده شد. در روش کشت سوخچه، تاریخ تشکیل سوخ از تاریخ 28 دی‌ماه تا 21 بهمن‌ماه متغیر بود. در روش کشت نشایی، سوخ از تاریخ 22 بهمن‌ماه تا 9 اسفند‌ماه تشکیل شد. بیشترین سرعت رشد نسبی گیاه (094/0 گرم در گرم در روز) به پیاز اصلاح‌شدۀ بهبهان تعلق داشت. بیشترین سرعت رشد محصول (45/ 21 گرم در متر‌مربع در روز) و سوخ (97/25 گرم در متر‌مربع در روز) در رقم پریماورا مشاهده شد. بیشترین شاخص سطح برگ (21/5) به رقم تگزاس ارلی‌گرانو مربوط بود. بر‌اساس نتایج این آزمایش به‌منظور زودرس کردن پیاز در خوزستان کاشت رقم پریماورا به روش کشت سوخچه با میانگین عملکرد 17/80 تن در هکتار توصیه می‏شود.‏
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the effect of transplant and set methods on bulbing date and growth indices of onion genotypes

نویسنده [English]

  • Abdosattar Darabi
Asistant Professor, Khuzestan Natural Sources and Agriculture Research, Scientific Board-Behbahan Agriculture Research Station
چکیده [English]

The current experiment was carried out to evaluate qualitative and quantitativeof three melons (Cucumis melo gp. Ameri) accssions named Zardjalal, Ananasi and Khanoti. The experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 16 treatments and three replications at research field of Jahad-e-Daneshgahi, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran. Five commercial cucurbit hybrids named Ace, Shintozwa, ShintoHongto, Zuktozwa and Ferro were used as rootstock. Non-grafted plants of Zardjalal, Ananasi and Khanoti were used as control. The results show that, rootstock and scion had significant effect on qualityandquantity traits. According to results, maximum numbers of fruits per plant (4.76 no) were related to Zardjalal accession on Zuktozwa rootstock. The high marketable fruits numbers (3.16 no) and high yield per plant (8.44 kg) belong to Zardjalal accession grafted onto Shintozwa rootstock to compare other accessions and rootstocks. Ananasi accession grafted on Zuktozwa rootstock had the highest diameter of the graft, scion diameter and rootstock diameter. Zardjalal and Ananasi accessions grafted on Zuktozwa rootstock had superlative shoot dry matter with 12.89 and 12.72%, respectively. Ananasi accession grafted on Zuktozwa rootstock had most fruit dry matter with 11.86%. The high cravity (9.5 mm) was seen in Zardjalal accession grafted on Zuktozwa rootstock. Ananasi accession grafted on Zuktozwa rootstock had the low fruit length, fruit diameter and flesh thickness. Ananasi accession with high brix (11%) was produced sweetest fruits.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rootstock
  • scion
  • yield
  • zardjalal
  • ananasi
  • khatoni accession
 
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