نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

10.22059/ijhs.2021.303476.1818

چکیده

به منظور ارزیابی اثر کاربرد قارچ تریکودرما در شرایط تنش خشکی بر خصوصیات بیوشیمیایی و رنگیزه­های فتوسنتزی گیاه ریحان آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با سه تکرار اجرا شد. عامل اول آبیاری در سه سطح (50، 75 و 100 درصد ظرفیت زراعی) و عامل دوم تلقیح با قارچ تریکودرما در دو سطح (تلقیح و عدم تلقیح با قارچ تریکودرما ) بودند. نتایج نشان داد بیشترین وزن ‏تر و خشک برگ در تیمار آبیاری 100 درصد ظرفیت زراعی بدون کاربرد قارچ تریکودرما (شاهد) مشاهده شد. میزان وزن تر (69/17 درصد) و خشک ساقه (27/17 درصد)، کلروفیل a (66/0 درصد)، کلروفیل b (64/0 درصد)، کلروفیل کل (66/0 درصد) و محتوای نسبی آب برگ (37/1 درصد) در تیمار آبیاری 100 درصد ظرفیت زراعی همراه با کاربرد قارچ تریکودرما نسبت به شاهد افزایش یافت. میزان نشت الکترولیت (5/7 درصد) در تیمار آبیاری 100 درصد ظرفیت زراعی همراه با کاربرد قارچ تریکودرما نسبت به شاهد کاهش یافت. میزان کارتنوئید (74/31 درصد) پرولین (25/52 درصد)، فعالیت آنتی­اکسیدانتی (22/17 درصد) در تیمار آبیاری 50 درصد ظرفیت زراعی همراه با کاربرد قارچ تریکودرما بیشتر از شاهد مشاهده شد. بنا به نتایج بدست آمده، در شرایط سطوح مختلف آبیاری، کاربرد قارچ Trichoderma harzianum باعث افزایش پرولین، کربوهیدرات محلول، رنگیزه‌های فتوسنتزی و فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانتی ریحان شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of Trichoderma harzianum on the biochemical properties and ‎photosynthetic pigments of basil under drought stress ‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mojtaa Salahiostad 1
  • Bahram Abedi 2
  • Yahya Selahvarzi 2

1 M. Sc. Student, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran‎

2 Assistant Professor, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran‎

چکیده [English]

To evaluate the effect of Trichoderma application under drought stress conditions on biochemical properties and photosynthetic pigments of basil, an experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with three replications. The studied treatments included 3 levels of irrigation (50, 75, and 100 Percent of field capacity) as the first factor and inoculation with Trichoderma (concentration 108) and non-inoculation with Trichoderma as the second factor. The results showed that the highest fresh and dry weight of leaves was observed in the treatment of irrigation area of 100 Percent of field capacity without the use of Trichoderma (control). Wet weight (17.69 Percent) and dry stem (17.27 Percent), chlorophyll a (0.66 Percent), chlorophyll b (0.64 Percent), total chlorophyll (0.66 Percent), proline(52/25 Percent) and the relative content of leaf water (1.37 Percent) in the irrigation level treatment of 100 Percent of field capacity along with the application of Trichoderma increased compared to the control and the amount of electrolyte leakage (7.5 Percent) in the treatment of 100 Percent of field capacity Decreased with the use of Trichoderma compared to the control.. The amount of carotenoids (31.74 Percent) and antioxidant activity (17.22 Percent) in the irrigation surface treatment of 50 Percent of field capacity with the use of Trichoderma were observed more than the control. According to the results, the application of Trichoderma harzianum increased proline, soluble carbohydrates, photosynthetic pigments, and antioxidant activity of the plant under different irrigation levels.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Chlorophyll
  • electrolyte leakage
  • proline‎
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