نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

استفاده از تیمارهایی از جمله نانوکودها و شبه­هورمون­ها در کشت­های بدون خاک از عوامل مهم تاثیرگذار در کمیت و کیفیت محصولات باغی می­باشند. به منظور بررسی برهمکنش نانوپتاسیم (صفر، 1، 2 و 3 گرم­ در لیتر) و سدیم­نیتروپروساید (صفر، 200، 400 و 600 میکرومول در لیتر) بر گیاه توت­فرنگی رقم کامارزا در سیستم کشت بدون خاک، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح کاملاً تصادفی انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد همه خصوصیات مورفولوژیک از جمله تعداد میوه، طول و قطر میوه و وزن میوه از لحاظ آماری، تفاوت معنی­داری با نمونه­های شاهد داشتند. بیشترین تعداد، طول و وزن میوه در تیمار 400 میکرومول در لیتر سدیم­نیتروپروساید و 1 گرم­ در­ لیتر نانوپتاسیم مشاهده شد. نتایج نشان داد تمامی خصوصیات فیتوشیمیایی و فعالیت­های آنتی­اکسیدانی و آنزیمی از لحاظ آماری در سطح احتمال یک درصد دارای تفاوت معنی­داری با نمونه ­های شاهد بودند. بیشترین میزان فنل کل در تیمار ترکیبی (2 گرم بر لیتر نانوپتاسیم و 400 میکرومول­ در لیتر سدیم­نیتروپروساید) مشاهده گردید و بیشترین میزان فعالیت آنزیم PAL نیز مربوط به تیمار ترکیبی (3 گرم در لیتر نانوپتاسیم و 600 میکرومول در لیتر سدیم­نیتروپروساید) بود. به­طور کلی نتایج مطالعه حاضر نشان داد تیمار نانوپتاسیم و سدیم­نیتروپروساید می­تواند کمیت، کیفیت و بازار­پسندی میوه توت­فرنگی را به طور قابل ملاحظه­ای افزایش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Interaction of sodium-nitroprusside and nano-potassium spraying on physicochemical ‎properties and antioxidant capacity of Strawberry fruit (Fragaria × ananassa Duch. ‎cv. Camarosa)‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahin Saeedi 1
  • Habib Shirzad 2
  • Parviz Norouzi 2
  • Ghader Ghasemi 3

1 M. Sc. Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

3 Ph. D. Candidate, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University (TUM), Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The use of treatments such as nanofertilizers and hormones in soilless culture are important factors influencing the quantity and quality of horticultural products. In order to investigate the interaction of nanopotassium (0, 1, 2 and 3 g/l) and sodium nitroprusside (0, 200, 400 and 600 μ mol/l) on strawberry fruit (cv. Camarosa) under hydroponic culture system, a factorially experiment based on completely randomized design was carried out. The results showed that all morphological characteristics including fruit number, fruit length and diameter and fruit weight were statistically significantly different from control samples. The highest number, length and weight of fruit were observed in the treatment of 400 μmol/l sodium nitroprusside and 1 g/l of nanopotassium. The results showed that all phytochemical properties and antioxidant and enzymatic activities were statistically significantly different from control at 1% level of probability. The highest amount of total phenol was observed in the combined treatment (2 g/l nanopotassium and 400 μmol/l sodium nitroprusside) and the highest PAL enzyme activity was related to the combined treatment (3 g/l nanopotassium and 600 μmol/l sodium nitroprusside). In general, the results of the present study showed that the treatment of nanopotassium and sodium nitroprusside can increase the quantity and quality of strawberry fruit and increase its marketability significantly.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • nano fertilizer
  • PAL enzayme
  • quasi-hormones
  • Spray
  • total phenol content‎
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