Comparison of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of promising Mashhad-86 ‎genotype with some of earlyripening sweet cherry cultivars

Document Type : Full Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Crop and Horticulture Science Research, Khorasan Razavi, Agricultural and Natural Resources ‎Research and Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad, Iran

2 Ph.D. Candidate, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd Branch, Bojnourd, North Khorasan, Iran

3 Expert, Department of Crop and Horticulture Science Research, Khorasan Razavi, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research ‎and Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad, Iran


In order to study quantitative and qualitative traits of early ripening sweet cherries cultivars and genotypes, an experiment carried out based on a completely randomized blocks design (RCBD) in Agricultural and Natural Resource Research Center of Khorasan Razavi. The results showed that flowering of promising Mashhad-86 started one week earlier (the first week of April) compare to other cultivars and fruit ripened in the third decade of May. Mean fruit weight of promising Mashhad-86 (6.26 g) was higher than Adli (4.9 g),Siah Qazvin (3.7 g), Pish Ras(4.26 g), DellaMarca (3.8 g) and Mashhad-84 (6.06 g). PishRas and promising Mashhad-86 had the highest total soluble solids with 19.73% and 18.16%, respectively. The highest and lowest yield be longed to Pish Ras (21 kg per tree) and Siah Qazvin (12 kg per tree), respectively. Early ripening cultivars, due to the short growing season, had smaller fruit size. Promising Mashhad-86 genotype with higher mean fruit weight and percentage of soluble solids had higher economic value and marketability.


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