The study of genetic variation and determine of phenological, morphological and ‎pomological characteristics of some selected genotypes of sweet cherry in Khorasan ‎Razavi province conditions

Document Type : Full Paper


1 Associate Professor, Crop and Horticultural Science Research Department, Khorasan Razavi Agricultural and Natural ‎Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Technical and Engineering Faculty, Velayat University, Iranshahr, Iran

3 Expert, Crop and Horticultural Science Research Department, Khorasan Razavi Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and ‎Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad, Iran


Cherry is one of the most important fruits in the world, with its good flavor, aroma and appearance. In order to compare the morphological, phenological and pomological characteristics of 10 selected sweet cherry genotypes with four commerical and domestic cultivars, a randomized complete blocks design with three replications was conducted in ​​two years of cultivation of 2016-2018. The results showed that there was a significant difference between cultivars and genotypes in terms of many traits. Among the investigated samples, the Msh-BT genotype, was the earliest flowering (27 March) and the earliest ripening (10 May) in comparison with other genotypes. Also, the Msh-BT genotype had the maximum height, width and volume of the crown and trunk diameter. The highest annual vegetative growth, number of spur and the percentage of twins were related to Msh-3-26 genotype. Msh-F-1 genotype produced the highest length, width and leaf area. In terms of pomological characteristics, the Msh-F1 genotype had the highest length, width, diameter and fruit weight, and the Msh-BT genotype had the least length and thickness of the fruit tail. In addition, Sweet ann genotype showed the highest stone weight, acidity and yield. In terms of flesh and skin colour, stone shape and fruit shape, there was a difference between the genotypes. According to dendrogram, genotypes were divided into three clusters. In general, Msh-BT and Msh-F1 genotypes are recommended in terms of precociousness and large fruit size, respectively and Sweet ann cultivar in terms of high yield compared to Siyah- Mashhad cultivar (control) in the conditions of Khorasan Razavi province.


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