Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of Pistacia atlantica Desf. essential oil from thirteen ‎natural habitats

Document Type : Full Paper


1 M.Sc. Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


Baneh (Pistacia atlantica Desf.) is one of the main wild species of Pistacia in Iran. The exudate of this plant is an oleo-gum-resin that comes out of the outer layer of plant bark and is called “Saghez” in Iran. In this study, the content and chemical composition of oleo-gum-resin essential oil from thirteen habitats in Iran, including: Lamerd, Gachsaran, Dehpabid, Jiroft, Marivan (Govaz, Ghamishleh, Anjiran, Haneh sheikhan), Kahnoj, Shorigeh, Dalaho, Andimeshk, Ilam were investigated. The essential oil extraction was carried out through hydro-distillation by the Clevenger apparatus for three hours. Identification and quantification of individual components were performed by GC/MS and GC-FID, respectively. The results showed that the highest and the lowest essential oil content (26.6% and 9.5%) belonged to Marivan (Govaz) and Jiroft, respectively. Also, the essential oil content of Shorigeh (25%), Marivan-Anjiran (25%), Marivan-Ghamishleh (24.6%) was desirable. In total, thirty-nine compounds were identified. α–pinene, β–pinene, camphene, sabinene, δ-2-carene, α–phellandrene, α-terpinene, ρ–cymene, cis-limonene oxide, ρ–cymenene, trans-pinocarveol, cis-isocitral, neo-iso-verbanol and myrtenal were identified as main constituents. Also, monoterpene hydrocarbons were the main group of essential oils in all samples and they formed 81.1% to 97.9% of components.


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