The effect of glayol biochar on some of morphological traits and heavy metals ‎uptake in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. cv Syaho)‎

Document Type : Full Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mahshhad, ‎Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mahshhad, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mahshhad, Iran


Biochar is a new environmental technology that can be used to reduce the accumulation of soil contamination. To evaluate the effects of biochar of cutflower glayolon growth characteristics and the accumulation of heavy metals of lead and cadmium in lettuce, a factorial experiment as a completely randomized design with four replications was conducted and amount of glayol biochar at three levels (0, 5, 10 g/kgsoil), cadmium (0, 10, 20 mg/kg soil) and lead (0, 300, 600 mg/kg soil) were tested. The results showed that the highest amount of lettuce traits including leaf area, height, fresh and dry weight of shoot and fresh and dry weight of root were found at the rate of 5 g glayol biochar /kg soil. Increment of glayol biochar levels from 5 to 10 g/kg soil decreased all mentioned traits. Application of 5 g biochar /kg soil of at the highest concentrations of lead and cadmium decreased the concentration of lead and cadmium in the plant (shoot+root) up to 27.38 and 21.87 %. The highest rate of biochar, lead and cadmium reduced growth traits, and increased the uptake of lead and cadmium in plant tissues and their concentrations in soil. In fact, glayol biochar (5g /kg soil), because of high specific surface area, adsorbed lead and cadmium on their surfaces and cause to reduce the absorption of these two elements and improved growth characteristics in lettuce.


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