Morphological Diversities of Some Population of Eremostachys laciniata Bunge.

Document Type : Full Paper


1 Post graduate Student Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Cultivation & Development Department of Medicinal Plants Research Center, Institute of Medicinal Plants, ACECR, Karaj, Iran

4 Professor, Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


The genus Eremostachys (Lamiaceae), consists of about 60 species which 15 species of Eremostachys grow wildly in the North-West of Iran. The rhizomes and roots of E. laciniata have traditionally been used as a local analgesic and for the treatment of rheumatic diseases and pain in the feet. This experiment was conducted in the North-West of Iran in 2012-2013, to evaluate morphological diversity. The samples were taken from 15 regions. Thirty traits including plant height, inflorescence height, root length, root fresh and dry weight was measured. Simple correlation analysis showed the existence of significant correlations among root yield and tuberous root length (r=0.62), main root length (r=0.53), tuberous root number (r=0.57) at p≤0.05 level and tuberous root diameter (r=0.85) at p≤0.01 level. ANOVA showed that populations in 27 of 30 traits had significant differences. Factor analysis via PCA explained over 75.5% of the variation related to main effective characters. Populations of E. laciniata separated into four groups by cluster analysis using Ward method. Results showed that three populations i.e. Marand, Hyderabad and Till had high quantities in most of the traits and can be used in breeding and production programs.



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