Half diallel analysis of related traits to yield and fruit quality in tomato lines

Document Type : Full Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate,, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, ‎Mashhad, Iran‎

2 Assistant Professor,, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran‎

3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran‎

4 Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran‎


The selection of elite parents and hybrids could be used for the genetic improvement of quantitative and qualitative traits in breeding programs of vegetables. In order to genetic evaluation of quantitative and qualitative traits of tomato lines, half-diallel crosses were performed among eight lines C.JPS3, S.2274, H.1370, K.2274, S.L, C20, Primoga and A13012. The obtained hybrids along with parents were planted in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Traits including fruit shape index, no. of locules, fruit firmness index, brix, titrable acidity, pH of fruit juice, no. of inflorescence per plant, no. of flowers per inflorescence, no. of fruits per plant, average fruit weight and yield were measured. Parent K.2274 had the highest values of general combining ability (GCA) for the yield, number of fruits per plant and fruit firmness. The highest specific combining ability (SCA) was observed in C20xC.JPS3 and A13012xK.2274 cross for the average fruit weight, respectively. Among parents and hybrids, parent H.1370 and Primoga × H.1370 hybrid had the highest yield. The highest relative heterosis percentage for no. of fruits per plant, average fruit weight and yield were observed in A13012 × Primoga, C20 × C.JPS3, and Primoga × H.1370 crosses, respectively. Role of over-dominance and dominance effects were more than the additive effect in controlling of yield, no. of fruit per plant, titrable acidity, and brix. However, the additive effect was effective in the control of average fruit weight. 


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